Sahabah

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The Ṣaḥābah (الصحابة‎ Companions) were the companions of Prophet Muhammad. According to traditional Islamic sciences, an individual must have seen Muhammad, believed in his prophethood and died as a believer in order to be considered a Sāhib or companion.[1] So this would exclude Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh (brother of Zainab bint Jash, the cousin and wife of Muhammad),[2] who was considered one of the Sahabah but later converted to Christianity.[3] Those that saw Muhammad but held off believing in him until after his death are not considered Sahabah but rather Tabi'un.[1] In hadith attributed to Muhammad, he says that the Sahābah are among the best generation of Muslims on Earth, along with the Tabi‘un and the Tabi' al-Tabi'un.

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Sh. G. F. Haddad - Sahaba - LivingIslam, January 7, 2009
  2. Bewley/Saad 8:72; Al-Tabari, Vol. 8, p. 4; Al-Tabari, Vol. 39, p. 180; cf Guillaume/Ishaq 3; Maududi (1967), Tafhimul Quran, Chapter Al Ahzab
  3. Alfred Guillaume - The Life of Muhammad - Oxford University Press, 1955, reprinted in 2003. ISBN 0-19-636033-1