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Adhan (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer. It is broadcasted loudly from mosques 5 times a day.  
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Adhan (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer. It is broadcasted daily preceding each of the five daily prayers to announce that window of time dedicated to each of them has begun. The root of the Arabic word Adhaan means "to hear" or "to be informed".
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In modern times, loudspeakers have been adopted for the use of broadcasting the call to prayer publicly so that, in Muslim-majority nations, a person living within or near any city or population center is able to hear the adhaan from within their home, five times a day.
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Generally, the adhaan is recited melodically.  
    
==The text==
 
==The text==
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|2x||أَشْهََدُ أَنَّ عليا ولي الله||Ashadu Anna Aliyan wali-ullah||I testify that Ali is a vicergent of Allah||This is recited only by Shia Muslims.
 
|2x||أَشْهََدُ أَنَّ عليا ولي الله||Ashadu Anna Aliyan wali-ullah||I testify that Ali is a vicergent of Allah||This is recited only by Shia Muslims.
 
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|2x||حَيَّ عَلَىٰ ٱلصَّلاة||Hayya 'ala salah||Hasten to prayer||Don't stay home refusing to pray. Missing a prayer is considered a big sin.
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|2x||حَيَّ عَلَىٰ ٱلصَّلاة||Hayya 'ala salah||Hasten to prayer||Missing a prayer is considered a major sin.
 
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|2x||حَيَّ عَلَىٰ ٱلْفَلاَح||Hayya 'ala falah||Hasten to victory||Practicing Islam gives you victory in this world (over the disbelievers) and in the next life (paradise full of [[Houri|virgins]] you will have sex with)
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|2x||حَيَّ عَلَىٰ ٱلْفَلاَح||Hayya 'ala falah||Hasten to victory||Practicing Islam gives you victory in this world (over the disbelievers) and in the next life (paradise full of [[Houri|virgins]]).
 
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|2x||ٍٱلصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ ٱلنَّوم||As-Salatu khayrun min an-nawm||A prayer is better than sleep.||This is recited only in the early morning prayer as a warning for Muslims who would rather sleep instead.
 
|2x||ٍٱلصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ ٱلنَّوم||As-Salatu khayrun min an-nawm||A prayer is better than sleep.||This is recited only in the early morning prayer as a warning for Muslims who would rather sleep instead.
 
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|2x||الله أكبر||Allahu Akbar||Allah is the greatest||It's repeated again. Muslims repeat this phrase over and over again. Although repeating something over and over again doesn't make it true.
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|2x||الله أكبر||Allahu Akbar||Allah is greater||This phrase is repeated again here, and is also repeated at regular intervals as part of the Salah litany, generally signaling the transition from one prayer pose to another (e.g. standing -> prostration)
 
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|1x||لا إله إلا الله||La ilaha illa Allah||There's no god but Allah||It is often said to mean "There is no other god, worthy of worship, than Allah". Shias say this two times.
 
|1x||لا إله إلا الله||La ilaha illa Allah||There's no god but Allah||It is often said to mean "There is no other god, worthy of worship, than Allah". Shias say this two times.
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The word ''jaahadoo'' is from the same root as jihad and the word ''muflihoon'' is from the same root as ''falah''. So the promised success (falah) is not only the paradise with virgins, but also the spoils of war.
 
The word ''jaahadoo'' is from the same root as jihad and the word ''muflihoon'' is from the same root as ''falah''. So the promised success (falah) is not only the paradise with virgins, but also the spoils of war.
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== Origins ==
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=== Sunni belief ===
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Sunnis maintain that a [[companion]] of [[Muhammad]]'s named Abdullah ibn Zayd had a dream wherein the words of the adhaan were revealed to him by God. After sharing the dream's contents with his friends, the news of ibn Zayd's dream reached Muhammad, who then endorsed it.
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{{Quote|{{Ibn Majah|1|3|706}}|It was narrated from Muhammed bin 'Abdullah bin Zaid that his father said that: The Messenger of Allah was thinking of a horn, and he commanded that a bell be made and it was done. Then 'Abdullah bin Zaid had a dream. He said: "I saw a man wearing two green garments, carrying a bell. I said to him, 'O slave of Allah, will you sell the bell?' He said; 'What will you do with it?' I said, 'I will call (the people) to prayer.' He said, 'Shall I not tell you of something better than that?' I said, 'What is it?' he said, 'Say: Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar; Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah, Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah; Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah, Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah; Hayya 'alas-salah, Hayya 'alas-salah; Hayya 'alal-falah, Hayya 'alal-falah; Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar; La ilaha illallah (Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah; Come to the Prayer, Come to the Prayer; Come to the prosperity, Come to the prosperity; Allah is the Most great, Allah is the Most Great; None has the right to be worshipped but Allah)." 'Abdullah bin Zaid went out and came to the Messenger of Allah, and told him what he had seen. He said, "O Messenger of Allah, I saw a man wearing two green garments carrying a bell," and he told him the story. The Messenger of Allah said, "Your companion has had a dream. Go out with Bilal to the mosque and teach it to him, for he has a louder voice than you." I ('Abdullah) went out with Bilal to the mosque, and I started teaching him the words and he was calling them out. 'Umar Al-Khattab heard the voice and came out saying, "O Messenger of Allah! By Allah, I saw the same (dream) as him." (Hasan)Abu 'Ubaid said: "Abu Bakr Al-Hakami told me that 'Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Ansari said concerning that: 'I praise Allah, the Possessor of majesty and honor, A great deal of praise for the Adhan. Since the news of it came to me from Allah, So due to it, I was honored by the information. During the three nights. Each of which increased me in honor.'"}}
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Seen in this light, the [[revelation]] of the adhaan is believed to be one of many instances where the ideas of Muhammad's companions are confirmed, or perhaps re-imagined, by Muhammad as the revelations from God. Other famous examples of this include: Muhammad [[Revelation of the Hijab|took Omar's idea for the hijab and confirming it as revelation upon Omar's insistence]], and an instance where Muhammad [[Qur'an, Hadith and Scholars:Corruption of the Qur'an#Abd Allah Ibn Sa.60d Ibn Abi Sarh and Verse 6:93|incorporated the suggestions of his scribe into the Qur'an as he dictated some verses]].
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=== Shi'ite belief ===
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Shi'ites maintain that the adhaan was revealed directly to Muhammad and that his companions made no contributions to it whatsoever.
    
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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