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'''Ismā'īl''' (إسماعيل‎ Ishmael) was the son of [[Ibrahim|Abraham]] from the [[Egypt|Egyptian]] concubine [[Hagar]]. He is recognized in [[Islam]] as an important prophet and patriarch. The Bible describes him as a "wild donkey of a man" whose hand will be "against everyone" and "he will live in hostility toward all his brothers".<ref>"''He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.''" - [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis+16%3A12&version=NIV Genesis 16:12 (New International Version)]</ref> Islamic traditions consider Isma'il to be the ancestor of Arab people,<ref>Fredrick E. Greenspahn, Encyclopedia of Religion, "Ishmael", p.4551–4552</ref> excluding those who are descendants of Ya'rub. Arabs who are from Isma'il-descendant tribes are occasionally referred to as "Arabized-Arabs" to highlight their ancestry. The Prophet [[Muhammad]] was of these Arabs. However, there is no evidence that Isma'il was the ancestor of the Arabs. It is conjecture based upon writings some 2000 years after his death.
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'''Ismā'īl''' (إسماعيل‎ Ishmael) was the son of [[Ibrahim|Abraham]] from the [[Egypt|Egyptian]] concubine Hagar. He is recognized in [[Islam]] as an important prophet and patriarch. The Bible describes him as a "wild donkey of a man" whose hand will be "against everyone" and "he will live in hostility toward all his brothers".<ref>"''He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone’s hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.''" - [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis+16%3A12&version=NIV Genesis 16:12 (New International Version)]</ref> Islamic traditions consider Isma'il to be the ancestor of Arab people,<ref>Fredrick E. Greenspahn, Encyclopedia of Religion, "Ishmael", p.4551–4552</ref> excluding those who are descendants of Ya'rub. Arabs who are from Isma'il-descendant tribes are occasionally referred to as "Arabized-Arabs" to highlight their ancestry. The Prophet [[Muhammad]] was of these Arabs. However, there is no archaeological or historical evidence that Isma'il was the ancestor of the Arabs, and there are good reasons to believe this was, in fact, not the case. There exists, however a conjecture based upon writings some 2000 years after his death.
    
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