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Quranic Claim of Everything Created in Pairs

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[[Image:B-rotifers-organism.jpg|220 px|right|thumb|Organisms like the [[w:Bdelloidea|Bdelloid rotifers]] can reproduce asexually without males, contrary to the Qur'an's claim that everything is created in pairs.]]
This article analyzes the apologetic claim that [[Allah]] [[Creation|created]] all creatures in pairs, male and female.
 
==Introduction==
 
Some apologists strive to prove the validity of the [[Qur'an]] through the supposed [[Islam and Science|scientific]] foreknowledge enclosed therein.
 
Typically, they quote vague verses amenable to multiple interpretations and then choose the few interpretations to suit their aims. Some of these are even quite convincing, particularly when articulated by knowledgeable apologists and where absolute proof is impossible due to the nature of the question.
 
One of these claims which we will examine here is that Allah created all creatures in pairs, male and female.
 
===Relevant Qur'anic Ayahs===
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|13|3}}|And He it is Who spread out the earth and placed therein firm hills and flowing streams, and of all fruits He placed therein two spouses (male and female). He covereth the night with the day. Lo! herein verily are portents for people who take thought.}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|36|36}} |Glory be to Him Who created all the sexual pairs, of that which the earth groweth, and of themselves, and of that which they know not!}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|43|12}}|He Who created all the pairs, and appointed for you ships and cattle whereupon ye ride. }}
{{Quote|{{Quran|51|49}}| And all things We have created by pairs, that haply ye may reflect.}}
 
Some may try to argue that, due to the "richness of the [[Arabic]] language", at least some of these verses do not convey the message that ‘''all creatures''’ are created in pairs, taking the literal or metaphorical sense whichever and whenever suits them best.
 
For example, they may claim that verse 13:3 refers only to fruits, or that verse 36:36 refers only to things grown from the Earth (i.e. plants). However verses 43:12 and 51:49 make it absolutely clear that Allah created all creatures in pairs. There is no ambiguity.
 
We will ignore the following verses, recognizing the possibility of relevance solely to humans. Further, their inclusion does not detract from our arguments.
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|53|45}}|That He did create in pairs,- male and female,}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|75|39}}|And of him He made two sexes, male and female.}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|92|3}}|By (the mystery of) the creation of male and female;}}
==Apologetic Claim==
The British physicist Paul Dirac, who discovered that matter was created in pairs, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1933. This finding, known as "parity," revealed the duality known as matter and antimatter. Antimatter bears the opposite characteristics to matter. For instance, contrary to matter, antimatter electrons are positive and protons negative.
 
===Relevant Qur'anic Ayahs===
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|13|3}}|And He it is Who spread out the earth and placed therein firm hills and flowing streams, and of all fruits He placed therein two spouses (male and female). He covereth the night with the day. Lo! herein verily are portents for people who take thought.}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|36|36}} |Glory be to Him Who created all the sexual pairs, of that which the earth groweth, and of themselves, and of that which they know not!}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|43|12}}|He Who created all the pairs, and appointed for you ships and cattle whereupon ye ride. }}
{{Quote|{{Quran|51|49}}| And all things We have created by pairs, that haply ye may reflect.}}
 
Some apologists may try to argue that some of these verses do not convey the message that ‘''all creatures''’ are created in pairs, taking the literal or metaphorical sense whichever and whenever suits them best.
 
For example, they may claim that verse 13:3 refers only to fruits, or that verse 36:36 refers only to things grown from the Earth (i.e. plants). However verses 43:12 and 51:49 make it absolutely clear that Allah created all creatures in pairs. There is no ambiguity.
 
Recognizing the possibility of relevance solely to humans, the following verses will be ignored. Further, their inclusion would not detract from the analysis:
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|53|45}}|That He did create in pairs,- male and female,}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|75|39}}|And of him He made two sexes, male and female.}}
 
{{Quote|{{Quran|92|3}}|By (the mystery of) the creation of male and female;}}
==Analysis==
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