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Boko Haram is a Nigerian Islamic group whose name means forbidden education (understood by local Hausa dialect to really mean "Western education [or karatun boko] is a sin"). They are reported to have urged followers in several northern states of Nigeria to attack police stations, prisons and churches and burn down schools in an attempt to enforce Shari'ah and rid the country of all Western education. It is also reported that the group has ties to Afghanistan.
- Nigerian Police: 55 Dead in Islamist Attacks - Fox News, July 27, 2009
- Nigeria on the brink - The Times Online, August 1, 2009
- World Digest: Nigeria - Islamist Concedes Link to Afghanistan - The Washington Post, September 3, 2009