Difference between revisions of "Priapisme - Erection permanente"

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Le '''Priapisme''' est une affection médicale potentiellement douloureuse, dans laquelle le pénis ou le clitoris restent en érection permanente<ref>Gharahbaghian L (November 2008). "[http://escholarship.org/uc/item/6p55r19w Clitoral Priapism with No Known Risk Factors]". West J Emerg Med 9 (4): 235–7. PMC 2672283. PMID 19561754.</ref> et ne reviennent pas à l'état flacide, malgré l'absence de stimulation physique et psychologique, pendant quatre heures. Le nom vient du dieu grec Priape, un dieu de la fertilié souvent représenté avec une érection largement disproportionnée et permanente.
 
Le '''Priapisme''' est une affection médicale potentiellement douloureuse, dans laquelle le pénis ou le clitoris restent en érection permanente<ref>Gharahbaghian L (November 2008). "[http://escholarship.org/uc/item/6p55r19w Clitoral Priapism with No Known Risk Factors]". West J Emerg Med 9 (4): 235–7. PMC 2672283. PMID 19561754.</ref> et ne reviennent pas à l'état flacide, malgré l'absence de stimulation physique et psychologique, pendant quatre heures. Le nom vient du dieu grec Priape, un dieu de la fertilié souvent représenté avec une érection largement disproportionnée et permanente.
  
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Priapism is considered a medical emergency, which should receive proper treatment by a qualified medical practitioner. The duration of a normal erection before it is classifiable as priapism is still controversial. Some sources say an ongoing penile erection for more than 6 hours, rather than 4 hours, can be classified as priapism.<ref>C. Van der Horst, Henrik Stuebinger, Christoph Seif, Diethild Melchior, F.J. Martinez-Portillo, K.P. Juenemann, ”[http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ibju/v29n5/18554.pdf Priapasm – Etiology, Pathophysiology and Management],” International Braz J Urol (Brazilian Society of Urology) Vol. 29 (5): 391-400, September - October, 2003</ref>
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===Priapisms in Paradise===
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According to [[Islam and Scripture|Islamic scripture]], all Muslim males that are admitted to [[Heaven|Paradise]] will technically suffer from priapisms. A [[hasan]] [[hadith]]<ref name="SP 4828">Shaykh Gibril Haddad - [http://www.webcitation.org/64zXNO08I How Many Wives Will The Believers Have In Paradise?] - SunniPath, Question ID:4828, July 3, 2005</ref> from Ibn Majah (one of the six canonical hadith collections) concerning the [[72 Virgins|72 virgins]] provides this detail on the physical attributes given to men by [[Allah]] to sustain them (Muslim males "will have an ever-erect penis").<ref> "Abu Umama narrated: "The Messenger of God said, 'Everyone that God admits into paradise will be married to 72 wives; two of them are houris and seventy of his inheritance of the [female] dwellers of hell. All of them will have libidinous sex organs and he will have an ever-erect penis.' " - Sunan Ibn Majah, Zuhd (Book of Abstinence) 39</ref> Al-Suyuti (one of the latter-day authorities of the Shafi'i [[Madh'hab|School]] of [[fiqh]]) also wrote that the "penis of the Elected never softens. The erection is eternal".<ref>"''Each time we sleep with a Houri we find her virgin. Besides, the penis of the Elected never softens. The erection is eternal; the sensation that you feel each time you make love is utterly delicious and out of this world and were you to experience it in this world you would faint. Each chosen one [i.e. Muslim] will marry seventy [sic] houris, besides the women he married on earth, and all will have appetizing vaginas.''" - Al-Suyuti, Al-Itqan fi Ulum al-Qur'an, p. 351</ref>
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==Death Erection==
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A death erection, angel lust, or terminal erection is a post-mortem erection, technically a priapism. It has been observed in the corpses of human males<ref> Willis Webster Grube (1897). [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC02395549&id=2fQSJLwOgy0C&pg=RA3-PA455&lpg=RA3-PA455&dq=priapism+hanging A Compendium of practical medicine for the use of students and practitioners of medicine.] Hadley Co.. Retrieved 2007-01-26. "Erection has long been observed to follow injuries to the cerebellum and spinal cord. Out of eleven cases of cerebellar hemorrhage, erection of the penis was noted six times by Serres. Death by hanging is often accompanied by partial erection."</ref> and also in the animal kingdom. Possibly the most famous occurrence being in the Berezovka Mammoth,<ref>E. W. Pfizenmayer (1926). "[http://hanskrause.de/HKHPE/hkhpe_12_01.htm Mammutleichen und Urwaldmenschen]". Page 165-167</ref> discovered in 1900.
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While it is usually observed in victims of hangings, it can also be found in victims of violent deaths by poisoning, fatal gunshot wounds to the brain, or a stroke or other brain embolisms. And it can also be caused by decomposition.<ref>Steve Bourget (2006). [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9771qjuxilEC&pg=PA124&lpg=PA124&dq=post+mortem+erection&source=bl&ots=B-qGG62Iqq&sig=4ALjLVg1V2tL1s5_GCHCjosZh5s&hl=en&ei=K9v1So3lDIvG4Qb0u4neAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CA4Q6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=post%20mortem%20erection&f=false Sex, death, and sacrifice in Moche religion and visual culture]. page 124. University of Texas Press.</ref> In some rare cases, ejaculation of semen may also occur.<ref>Science Editor, Stefan Anitei - [http://news.softpedia.com/news/Dead-Men-Can-Really-Have-Erection-Sometimes-They-Ejaculate-too-77649.shtml Dead Men Can Really Have Erection! Sometimes They Ejaculate, too...] - Softpedia</ref>
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===Muhammad’s Death Erection===
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Abu al-Fida (1273 – 1331 AD) was a Muslim geographer and historian. He relates that Prophet [[Muhammad]] suffered from a death erection. Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib, the fourth Rightly-guided [[Caliph]] of Islam (and also Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin) washed his body after his death, and had exclaimed, "O prophet, thy penis is erect unto the sky!"<ref>"''Sibi robur ad generationem, quantum triginta viri habent, inesse jactaret; ita ut unicâ horâ posset undecim feminis satisfacere, ut ex Arabum libris refert Stus Petrus Paschasius, c. 2 (Maracci, Prodromus Alcoran, p. iv. p. 55. See likewise Observations de Belon, l. iii. c. 10, fol. 179, recto). Al Jannabi (Gagmer, tom. iii. p. 487) records his own testimony that he surpassed all men in conjugal vigour; and Abulfeda mentions the exclamation of Ali, who washed his body after his death, “O propheta, certe penis tuus cælum versus erectus est” (in Vit. Mohammed. p. 140).''" - [{{Reference archive|1=http://web.archive.org/web/20070417133412/http://oll.libertyfund.org/Home3/HTML.php?recordID=0214.09|2=2011-10-31}} Edward Gibbon's "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" Vol. 9 - Footnote 175]</ref>
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The mainstream Muslim understanding and the [[Qur'an, Hadith and Scholars:Muhammad's Death|Islamic sources]] concerning [[Muhammad's Death|Muhammad's death]] say he died of poisoning by a [[Antisemitism|Jewish]] women. However the effects of the poison were only gradual. The hadith [[Circumstances_Surrounding_Muhammad%27s_Death#Poisoned_by_a_Jewess|surrounding his death]] are consistent with the possibility he suffered a brain embolism leading to his post-mortem erection.
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== Voir aussi ==
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* [[Heaven]]'' - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Heaven''
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* [[Muhammad's Death]] ''- A hub page that leads to other articles related to Muhammad's Death''
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== Liens externes ==
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*[{{Reference archive|1=http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/437237-overview#showall|2=2013-03-11}} Priapism] ''- Hosam S Al-Qudah, eMedicine, January 20, 2012''
  
 
== Références ==
 
== Références ==

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Priapisme

Le Priapisme est une affection médicale potentiellement douloureuse, dans laquelle le pénis ou le clitoris restent en érection permanente[1] et ne reviennent pas à l'état flacide, malgré l'absence de stimulation physique et psychologique, pendant quatre heures. Le nom vient du dieu grec Priape, un dieu de la fertilié souvent représenté avec une érection largement disproportionnée et permanente.


Voir aussi

  • Heaven - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Heaven
  • Muhammad's Death - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Muhammad's Death

Liens externes

  • Priapism - Hosam S Al-Qudah, eMedicine, January 20, 2012

Références

  1. Gharahbaghian L (November 2008). "Clitoral Priapism with No Known Risk Factors". West J Emerg Med 9 (4): 235–7. PMC 2672283. PMID 19561754.