Muslim Statistics (Crime and Prejudice)
This page contains statistics concerning crime and prejudice against Muslims, and prejudice (but not crimes) against non-Muslims. For crimes against non-Muslims, see Persecution and Terrorism. For prejudice against Jews and sexual minorities, see Antisemitism and Homosexuals.
Crimes Against Muslims
Jews in Oslo are more than 6 times more likely than Muslims to experience harassment.
The current row started on Tuesday [June 7, 2011], after Oslo municipality presented a report charting racist and anti-Semitic attitudes amongst 7,212 pupils in 48 secondary schools.
Results show 33.3 percent of Jews experience harassment between two and three times per month, compared with 5.3 percent of Muslims.
According to Vårt Land, Ervin Kohn of Oslo’s Jewish Community (DMT) was discouraged by the report. Despite the high figures, however, Secretary General of umbrella organisation Islamsk Råd Norway (IRN), Mehtab Afsar, claims, “it’s really the Muslims that are given a hard time, and charting Muslim harassment is well overdue.”
The day after the report came out, pro-integration network LIM (Likestilling, Integrering, Mangfold) said it encourages all actors to fight against what it views as increasing anti-Semitism in Norway. At the same time, it was openly critical to Mr Afsar’s statements.
“Unfortunately, it seems as though IRN neither intends to recognize or take the problem of anti-Semitism seriously. Secretary General Afsar would rather focus more upon intimidation of Muslims.”
In a further development in what was becoming a growing rift between two ethnic minorities IRN issued a press statement yesterday, also censuring its own Secretary General, saying, “We wish to state once and for all that we clearly distance ourselves from all types of bullying and harassment, including anti-Semitism.
IRN apologises that some individuals have tried to turn a general societal problem into a particularly Muslim one,” it continues.“I cannot see that IRN takes anti-Semitism seriously when reading this press release,” says Mr Ervin Kohn
Hate crimes against Muslims in the United Kingdom appear to be dropping, not going up
I chose Tower Hamlets because the vast majority of its non-white population is Muslim, and therefore most of the victims here would have been Muslim. And the truth, in this borough at least, is the polar opposite of what Lambert and Githens-Mazer claim. In this Muslim area, there has been a 50% reduction in hate crime.
The figures for the first four years are from April to April and are from the annual reports of the Metropolitan Police Authority’s Race Hate Crime Forum. The figures for the last two years are October to October from the Met Police website.
In England and Wales as a whole, according to the latest Home Office statistics, the number of racially or religiously aggravated offences has fallen by 11.4 per cent over the last four years for which figures are available (page 20 of this PDF.)As I say, statistics for purely faith hate crime alone going back over a long period are harder to find. But the latest online minutes of the Tower Hamlets Interfaith Forum, for the meeting held on 5 October 2010, show that in the months of August and September there were – wait for it – a grand total of seven faith hate crimes reported to the police in the borough, not all of which from the description in fact appear to be faith hate crimes. The previous minutes, for the 15 June meeting, showed a total of eight faith hate crimes between April 1 and June 14, of which only two were against Muslims.
However, the same article quoted some interesting figures from the Metropolitan Police – the first I’ve seen on specifically Islamophobic incidents – which diametrically contradict both Mr Murad’s claim and the Sindy’s own. The paper said there had been “762 Islamophobic offences in London since April 2009, including 333 in 2010/11 and 57 since this April.” It said there were only a few forces which collect this data; figures from the other forces weren’t given.
If a total of 762 offences have been committed since April 2009, 57 of them since this April and 333 of them in 2010/11, that means the number committed in 2009/10 was 372. Between 09/10 and 10/11 there was therefore a drop of 39 offences – or more than 10 per cent.I have to suspect, from the unusual way the paper presented the figures, that either it or the MCB was trying to conceal this inconvenient truth.
75% of anti-Muslim "hate crimes" recorded by the government-backed Tell Mama are in fact "offensive" internet comments on sites such as Twitter.
The highly publicized "wave of attacks" on Muslims after the Woolwich terror attack were in fact mostly incidents of "offensive" online comments, some not even originating from the UK. And reliable statistics covering 2009-2012 show anti-Muslim hate crimes are continuing to drop.
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Mr Mughal admitted that a further 35 of the 212 post-Woolwich incidents, or 16 per cent, had yet to be verified...Fewer than one in 12 of the 212 “incidents” reported to Tell Mama since Woolwich – 17 cases (8 per cent) – involved individuals being physically targeted.
Six people had things thrown at them, said Mr Mughal, and most of the other 11 cases were attempts to pull off the hijab or other items of Islamic dress.
Without in any way denying the distress and harm caused by such attacks, they do stand at the lower levels of seriousness.
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Asking other police forces and trawling local media reports, The Telegraph has been unable to find a single confirmed case since Drummer Rigby’s death where any individual Muslim has received an injury requiring medical treatment.
The project, called Tell Mama, claimed that there had been a “sustained wave of attacks and intimidation” against British Muslims after the killing of Drummer Lee Rigby, with 193 “Islamophobic incidents” reported to it, rising to 212 by last weekend.
The group’s founder, Fiyaz Mughal, said he saw “no end to this cycle of violence”, describing it as “unprecedented”. The claims were unquestioningly repeated in the media.
Tell Mama and Mr Mughal did not mention, however, that 57 per cent of the 212 reports referred to activity that took place only online, mainly offensive postings on Twitter and Facebook, or that a further 16 per cent of the 212 reports had not been verified. Not all the online abuse even originated in Britain.
Contrary to the group’s claim of a “cycle of violence” and a “sustained wave of attacks”, only 17 of the 212 incidents, 8 per cent, involved the physical targeting of people and there were no attacks on anyone serious enough to require medical treatment.
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The Sunday Telegraph has now learned that even before Woolwich, the communities minister, the Liberal Democrat MP Don Foster, called Mr Mughal to a meeting and said that Tell Mama’s grant would not be renewed.
The organisation has received a total of £375,000 from the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) since last year.
“Mr Mughal was giving data on attacks to DCLG which wasn’t stacking up when it was cross-referenced with other reports by Acpo [the Association of Chief Police Officers],” said one source closely involved in counter-extremism.
“He was questioned by DCLG civil servants and lost his temper. He was subsequently called in by Don Foster and told that he would receive no more money.”
A senior Liberal Democrat source confirmed the sequence of events, saying: “There was a bit of a spat. He was called in and told that Acpo had cast doubt on his figures. He was told that he would be closely monitored for the remaining period of the grant and that there would be no more money.”
A DCLG spokesman confirmed that Tell Mama’s funding would not be renewed and refused to deny that officials had raised concerns about its methods.
Tell Mama claimed in March that anti-Muslim crime was “rising”, even though the group had only been in operation at that stage for a year and had no previous figures to compare with.
Other figures, collected by the police, show that hate crime in mainly Muslim areas has fallen in the past 10 years. The only large force that collects figures on specifically anti-Muslim crime, the Metropolitan Police, reported an 8.5 per cent fall in such crimes between 2009 and 2012.
There was a spike in anti-Muslim incidents after the killing of Drummer Rigby. However, contrary to Tell Mama’s claims that it was “unprecedented”, the Met’s assistant commissioner, Cressida Dick, told MPs last week that it was “slightly less” than after previous terror attacks.
“There has not been such a very big increase in attacks as we might have feared,” she said. Mr Mughal himself has now admitted to the BBC that the number of physical attacks was “small”.
Tell Mama has also been using its budget to threaten members of the public with libel actions for criticising it on Twitter.
In mid-May, before Woolwich, one Jewish activist, Ambrosine Chetrit, received a threatening letter from solicitors after she tweeted that “Tell Mama are sitting on Twitter on the EDL hashtag, threatening anyone and everyone whose comments they do not like about Islam”. Tell Mama also objected to a tweet in which Ms Chetrit said it was “trying to close down pro-Israel [Twitter] accounts daily”.
Other recipients of legal threats at the same time include Atma Singh, a former race adviser to the then Labour mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, who received a legal letter from Tell Mama after tweeting that it “gives a platform to Islamists”.
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As with the situation in the United Kingdom, hate crimes against Muslims in the United states are dropping, not going up
Vandalism and intimidation were the most frequently reported incidents.
Incidents of anti-Jewish bias declined 10.7 percent, from 1,043 to 931, and incidents of anti-Muslim bias dropped 67.7 percent, from 481 to 155.
Jewish victims of hate crimes outnumber Muslim victims by a 7-1 ratio
Only 11.1 percent were anti-Islamic, despite claims of rampant anti-Muslim bigotry in the U.S. by groups like the Council on American Islamic Relations.
Across the board, hate crimes in the U.S. dropped last year by 6 percent, according to the 2005 FBI report release last week, although violence against people based on their race accounted more than half of the reported incidents.
Police nationwide reported 7,163 hate crime incidents in 2005, targeting victims based on their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation and disabilities. That was down from 2004, when the FBI reported 7,649 incidents.
Anti-Muslim incidents only account for 1.3% of all hate crimes. Even anti-Christian (Catholic/Protestant) incidents outnumber anti-Muslim incidents in America, and Jewish victims of hate crimes outnumber Muslim victims by a 10-1 ratio
• “An analysis of the 7,780 single-bias incidents revealed that 51.3 percent were motivated by a racial bias”
• Anti-Black Racial Hate 2,876, Anti-Jewish Hate 1,013, Anti-Homosexual 1,200, Anti-Hispanic 561
• Anti-Islam Incidents – 105
Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders
by Bias Motivation, 2008
2 The term known offender does not imply that the identity of the suspect is known, but only that an attribute of the suspect has been identified, which distinguishes him/her from an unknown offender.
3 In a multiple-bias incident, two conditions must be met: (a) more than one offense type must occur in the incident and (b) at least two offense types must be motivated by different biases.
The above FBI statistics on crimes against Muslims are likely inflated due to some hate crimes committed against Sikhs being lumped together with hate crimes against Muslims.
The district investigated eight incidents brought to their attention by the Minnesota chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, or CAIR.School board member Jerry Von Korff said the district found no evidence to support seven out of the eight complaints filed by the Minnesota chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.
Crimes by Muslims
The largest group in Berlin by foreign nationality are Muslim Turks (104,556). Note that the definition of "immigrant background" only goes back one generation.
Most Muslims are reluctant organ donors, yet are eager recipients. Once of the reasons given is the belief that you should not deface the human body. Apparently the defacement of the bodies of non-Muslims are fine with most of the Muslims who believe this. And almost a quarter of those surveyed said they would only want to donate an organ if they knew it was going to another Muslim.
Dr. Adnan Sharif, a Muslim kidney specialist completing his training, led an international survey to find out why Muslims agree with organ donation, and would happily accept a transplant, but aren't so keen on consenting to being donors.
In his presentation to delegates at the 23rd international congress of the Transplantation Society, Sharif said nearly three-quarters of the 891 participants in the survey said they would be glad to receive an organ if needed but only 10.6 per cent of respondents were registered organ donors.
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"Muslims have this argument, this belief, that organ donation is a sin even though most scholars say it's okay, and in fact welcome, because of the belief that to save one life is to save all humanity.
"Transplantation obviously did not exist when the Koran was written. There is a line that says you shouldn't deface the human body. It is a reference to ancient Arab practices of defacing bodies after death. I think people do use that as an excuse not to be organ donors," said Sharif, who conducted the survey with four colleagues from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, England.
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The online and printed survey, which solicited respondents through word of mouth, social networking, Muslim organizations and mosques, is expected to be published in a medical journal soon. He said the survey detected some disturbing attitudes that would appear to be based on prejudice. For instance, almost a quarter of respondents said they would only want to donate an organ if they knew it was going to another Muslim. About 10 per cent said they would prefer to receive an organ from a fellow Muslim.
A much larger number of Muslims are "phobic" of non-Muslims, than the number of non-Muslims who are "Islamophobic" of Muslims.
In contrast, Muslims in predominantly Muslim nations are as inclined to say relations are generally bad as they were five years ago. And, as in the past, Muslims express more unfavorable opinions about Christians than Americans or Europeans express about Muslims.
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Muslims associate a number of negative traits with Westerners. Across the Muslim publics surveyed, the median percentages saying people in Western countries such as the U.S. and Europe are selfish, violent, greedy, immoral, arrogant and fanatical exceed 50%. By contrast, the median percentages of those who say that Westerners are respectful of women, honest, tolerant or generous range below 50%.
Since 2006, Indonesian Muslims have become more likely to associate positive traits with Westerners, but in Pakistan attitudes have moved in the opposite direction -- the percentage of Pakistani Muslims saying that Westerners are greedy, immoral, selfish and fanatical has increased by double-digits over the last five years.Non-Muslims in Western Europe, the U.S. and Russia offer somewhat more positive assessments of Muslims than Muslims do of Westerners. Relatively few, for example, say Muslims are greedy or immoral. However, a median of 58% label Muslims as fanatical and a median of 50% believe Muslims are violent. And few think Muslims are respectful of women.
The vast majority of the world's Muslims believe atheists are immoral.
Regardless of whether they support making sharia the official law of the land, Muslims around the world overwhelmingly agree that in order for a person to be moral, he or she must believe in God. Muslims across all the regions surveyed also generally agree that certain behaviors –such as suicide, homosexuality and consuming alcohol– are morally unacceptable... The survey asked Muslims if it is necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values. For the majority of Muslims,the answer is a clear yes. Median percentages of roughly seven-in ten or more in Central Asia (69%), sub-Saharan Africa (70%), South Asia (87%),the Middle East-North Africa region (91%) and Southeast Asia (94%) agree that morality begins with faith
in God. (p. 24)
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Most Muslims agree on certain moral principles. For example, in nearly all countries surveyed, a majority says it is necessary to believe in God to be a moral person. (p. 73)
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Surveys suggest most in France do not object to mixed marriages, but in the suburbs the researchers were surprised find “a very large proportion of Muslim respondents said they were opposed to marriages with non-Muslims.”
The survey, which compares data from 2001 to data from 2010, was conducted by the Centre for the Study of Islam and Society (PPIM), an independent research centre at the State Islamic University (UIN) in Jakarta, headed by executive director Jajat Burhanudin.
Each year, the PPIM interviews about 1,200 Muslim men and women, 17 years and older, most of whom are elementary to junior high school graduates.
The data shows that Muslim opposition to churches and non-Muslim religious buildings rose from 40.5 per cent to 57.8 per cent.In 2010, around 27.6 per cent of those surveyed said they did mind if a non-Muslim taught their children at school, a 6.2 per cent increase compared to 2008 (21.4 percent), but still lower than in 2007 (33.5 percent).
The Foundation for Defense of Democracies scanned about 40,000 Arabic and English posts on Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, message boards, and similar sites from January to June 2011.
Wahhabi Muslim clerics are using Facebook and other sites to push extreme anti-Western views."A staggering 75 percent of the Arabic-language posts we saw reflected xenophobic beliefs, or hostility toward the United States, the West, and non-Muslim cultures," FDD Vice President for Research Jonathan Schanzer said.
Furthermore, when asked whether they would feel uncomfortable if people from Turkey's non-Muslim communities were employed by top state institutions, 57 percent of respondents expressed discomfort with the idea of someone from these groups being employed by the National Intelligence Organization (MİT), while 55 percent stated that they did not want non-Muslims to be members of the judiciary or the police force.
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The findings on tolerance toward religions are remarkable as well. Ninety percent of the Turkish population reported having a positive view toward Muslims, but this ratio dropped to 13 percent for Christians and around 10 percent for Jews. Those who said they have highly positive views about non-believers of any religion totaled 7 percent.
When it comes to accepting political candidates from different religions, 37 percent of Turks said they would absolutely not accept this and 12 percent said they would most likely not accept it. However, 23 percent said they would absolutely accept it and 24 percent say they would probably accept it. Eleven percent of Turks said people from different religions should absolutely be allowed to organize public meetings to express their ideas, while 24 percent said they should be allowed to do so.Thirty-six percent said people from different religions absolutely should not be allowed to organize such meetings, while 23 percent said they should not be allowed to do so.
“The social inquiries in Turkey show that 40 % of the population does not want to live with the Christian neighbor. And 58 % of them does not want to live with Jew neighbor”, Simavoryan noted.Expert also noted that Armenian community is on the eve of vanishing in Turkey as a result of the intolerance attitude. According to him media is very active in this issue. “Every action by the Christian Church is presented as negative action. Even the churches are presented as terrorist organizations”.
The poll, by the Washington-based Pew Global Attitudes Project, asked Muslims and non-Muslims about each other in 13 countries. In most, it found suspicion and contempt to be mostly mutual, but uncovered a significant mismatch in Britain.
The poll found that 63% of all Britons had a favourable opinion of Muslims, down slightly from 67% in 2004, suggesting last year's London bombings did not trigger a significant rise in prejudice.
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Less than a third of British non-Muslims said they viewed Muslims as violent, significantly fewer than non-Muslims in Spain (60%), Germany (52%), the US (45%) and France (41%).
Unlike other people groups, it is the younger generation of UK Muslims that hold the more prejudiced views.
In 2007, the think tank Policy Exchange published a detailed poll of Muslim opinion that covered most issues relevant to the position of the community in modern Britain.
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Americans appear to be more intolerant of atheists and born-again Christians, than they are of Muslims.
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Some 30% of voters reported they would be less likely to vote for an atheist and 27% said they would be less likely to vote for a born-again Christian, the poll found. In each case, 61% of voters say the religious positions would not affect their vote.
A total of 24% said they were less likely to vote for a Mormon, while 70% answered that it wouldn't matter. On the question of a Muslim, 19% said they were less likely to vote for a Muslim while 76% said it wouldn't matter.
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- Michael Sandelson - Jewish Community ‘disappointed’ over Muslim apology - The Foreigner, June 10, 2011
- Andrew Gilligan - Islamophobia: is this the year's most embarrassing academic report? - The Telegraph, December 2, 2010
- Andrew Gilligan - Islamophobic crime fell in London last year – MCB spins the opposite - The Telegraph, June 13, 2011
- Catrin Nye, "632 anti-Muslim hate incidents recorded by Tell Mama", BBC News, March 11, 2013 (archived), http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-21712826.
- Andrew Gilligan, "The truth about the 'wave of attacks on Muslims’ after Woolwich murder", The Telegraph, June 1, 2013 (archived), http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/terrorism-in-the-uk/10093568/The-truth-about-the-wave-of-attacks-on-Muslims-after-Woolwich-murder.html.
- Andrew Gilligan - Muslim hate monitor to lose backing - The Telegraph, June 9, 2013
- FBI Hate Crime Report - LGF, Nov 12, 2003
- American Jews top hate-crime targets - WorldNetDaily, October 23, 2006
- FBI Releases 2008 Hate Crime Statistics - R.E.A.L. Organization, November 23, 2009
- Arthur Weinreb, "Sikh university professor attacked by gang of teens in NYC", Digital Journal, September 12, 2013 (archived), http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/358894.
- Ambar Espinoza - St. Cloud school officials say harassment complaints not valid - Minnesota Public Radio, May 13, 2010
- Berlin population statistics - Wikipedia, accessed August 29, 2012
- "Es gibt in Berlin keine No-go-Areas" - Tagesspiegel (German), August 28, 2012 (English translation)
- Pamela Fayerman - Muslims most opposed to organ donation: Survey - Vancouver Sun, August 18, 2010
- "A Year After Iraq War", Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, March 16, 2004 (archived), http://www.people-press.org/2004/03/16/a-year-after-iraq-war/.
- Muslim-Western Tensions Persist - Pew Research Center, July 21, 2011
- Note that, according to Pew, unlike adherents of Christianity who are spread out among developed and undeveloped countries, only a tiny 3% of the world's Muslims live in "more-developed regions, such as Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand and Japan". Meaning, even though this survey does not cover Muslims in America or the western part of Europe, overall it remains a very accurate representation of what the worldwide Muslim population believes (give or take 3% at the most). Indeed, Pew refer to it as a "worldwide survey" of Muslim attitudes. Ref: "The Future of the Global Muslim Population", The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, January 27, 2011 (archived), http://www.pewforum.org/The-Future-of-the-Global-Muslim-Population.aspx.
- "The World’s Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society", Pew Research Center, April 30, 2013 (archived), http://www.pewforum.org/uploadedFiles/Topics/Religious_Affiliation/Muslim/worlds-muslims-religion-politics-society-full-report.pdf.
- Ruud Koopmans, "Fundamentalism and out-group hostility", WZB Mitteilungen, December 2013 (archived), http://www.wzb.eu/sites/default/files/u6/koopmans_englisch_ed.pdf.
- French suburbs turn away from state and towards Islam: scientist - AFP, October 6, 2011
- Mathias Hariyadi - Religious intolerance rising among Indonesian Muslims - Asia News, October 5, 2010
- Saudi Muslims Venting Radical Beliefs on Facebook - CBN News, May 9, 2012
- Turks intolerant of religious diversity, says poll - Todays Zaman, October 1, 2009
- Note that the religion of 99% of the population of Turkey is Islam. Ref: Religion in Turkey - Kwintessential, accessed August 22, 2010
- 'Religion loves tolerance, but is not tolerant' - Hürriyet Daily News, November 17, 2009
- Expert: 40 % of Turkish population does not want to live with the Christian neighbor - Times.am, May 18, 2012
- Julian Borger, "Poll shows Muslims in Britain are the most anti-western in Europe", The Guardian, June 23, 2006 (archived), http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,,1804078,00.html.
- Denis MacEoin, David G. Green, "Sharia Law or 'One Law For All'?", Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society London, pp. 12-15, June, 2009 (archived), http://www.civitas.org.uk/pdf/ShariaLawOrOneLawForAll.pdf.
- Tina Moore - More New Yorkers are biased against atheists and born-agains in politics, poll finds - New York Daily News, August 15, 2012