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'''Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī''' (محمد بن موسی خوارزمی) was a massively influential 9th century polymath from Islamic Persia who produced key works in mathematics, astronomy, geography, and history. Best known for his contributions to algebra (a field now eponymous with Khwarizmi's work that is known in Arabic ''al-Jabr'') and to the concept of the algorithm (also eponymous with the latinization of Khwarizmi's name, ''Algorithmi''), Khwarizmi also famously improved upon Ptolemy's ''Geography'', studied the history of calendars, and advanced key developments in trigonomerty.
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'''Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī''' (محمد بن موسی خوارزمی) was a massively influential 9th century polymath from Islamic Persia who produced key works in mathematics, astronomy, geography, and history. Best known for his contributions to algebra (a field now eponymous with Khwarizmi's work that is known in Arabic ''al-Jabr'') and to the concept of the algorithm (also eponymous with the latinization of Khwarizmi's name, ''Algorithmi''), Khwarizmi also famously improved upon Ptolemy's ''Geography'', studied the history of calendars, and advanced key developments in trigonomerty. Prominent in his time as well as after, Khwarizmi was appointed head of library and resident astronomer at the famous House of Wisdom (بيت الحكمة) in Baghdad during the rule of al-Ma'mun in the Abbasid Golden Age (775-861) which, under the rule of the unorthodox and rationalist ''Mu'tazilites'', was responsible for the translation of Greek works into Arabic.
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== Reception ==
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Commonly championed today as an icon of Islamic science by Muslims and non-Muslim alike, Khwarizmi's reception (as with the reception of most of his peers) among orthodox Sunni Muslim scholars (both contemporary and subsequent) was far from favorable, as his religious views were deemed heretical. Indeed, the Abbasid [[Caliph|caliphal]] patrons who had supported the work of Khwarizmi and his peers were themselves party to the Mu'tazilite heresy of Islam, who would be rejected the scholars of the coming ''Ash'ari'', ''Maturidi'', and ''Hanbali'' orthodoxy.
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=== Islamic world ===
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==Reception==
He was looked down upon by notable Islamic scholars who held him in contempt for his unorthodox religious views.
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===Islamic world===
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He was looked down upon by notable Sunni Islamic scholars who held him in contempt for his unorthodox religious views.
    
[[Ibn Taymiyya|Ibn Taymiyyah]] wrote about Khwarizmi:
 
[[Ibn Taymiyya|Ibn Taymiyyah]] wrote about Khwarizmi:
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=== Western world ===
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