Swears and Oaths in the Qur'an and Hadith
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There are verses in the Qur'an that would suggest that Allah (who refers to himself as the "greatest of deceivers"), by Muhammad's definition, makes polytheistic statements in the Qur'an.
Swearing an Oath
In Arabic tradition, according to Islamic sources, when someone makes an oath, they swear by something considered greater or more worthy than themselves. We find this in the Hebrew Bible, where the Judeo-Christian deity swears by himself, due to the lack of anyone or anything greater than, what the writers considered, the creator of the universe. We also find this in everyday life, when someone swears on their parents or children's lives, or someone swears on their respective holy books to speak the truth in a court of law.
The following are verses from the Qur'an, where we find Allah swearing oaths.
From the above verses, we see that Allah does not swear by himself. Instead, Allah implies that the stars, the moon, the 'brilliance' of the sun, and a man-made city are greater than Allah - the very things he is supposed to have created. He even swears by such menial things as fruits.
The following are various ahadith on swearing oaths.
From the above, we see Muhammad warning Muslims that they are not to swear by their parents, the Ka'aba, not even by their faith, but by Allah and Allah alone.
- ↑ "and said, "I swear by myself, declares the LORD,..." - Genesis 22:16 NIV, "....declares the LORD, I swear by myself...." - Jeremiah 22:5 NIV
- ↑ "When God made his promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for him to swear by, he swore by himself..." - Hebrews 6:13-16 NIV