== L’Islam peut-il s’adapter ? ==
It is important not to view Islam , or compare it with other religions , in a historical vacuum. The rampant conservatism in the middle east is no doubt attributable to the longevity of the Ottoman empire. The ' closure of the gates of ijtihad' (cessation of religious inquiry) some time during or after the 10th century no doubt played a role. However this closure was more by consensus than by Koranic decree, so ultimately there is nothing ruling out a reopening. Islam requires its followers to contribute productively to any new society they move to. While this may be reassuring for the short term outlook, in the long term it does nothing to rule out a return to military conquest.
On the upside, the abolition of slavery creates a valuable precedent for modern theologists to challenge what seem to be core tenets of Islam. Another factor in favor of change is that Islam has no generally accepted clerical hierarchy or bureaucratic organization. Thus, liberal movements can arise easily within Islam, as is currently happening. The same problem that allows extremists and terrorists to go relatively unchallenged also allows for progressive reform. Inevitably, Islam will undergo significant reform at some point in the future, or drag the rest of the world back into barbarism. It is crucial that the west allow this to happen, and not ' poison the well' by making the Musulman world associate western values with oppression and decadence.
== Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme et loi dite ''Charia'' ==