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Scientific Errors in the Quran

132 bytes added, 22:38, 19 April 2018
Embryology
{{Main|Quran and Semen Production|l1=Qur'an and Semen Production}}
The Qur'an states, incorrectly, that semen originates from a spot somewhere between the backbone and ribs. Today we know sperm comes from the [[w:testicle|testicles]] and semen from various glands behind and below the bladder, which is not between the spine backbone and ribs.
{{Quote|{{Quran-range|86|6|7}}|
{{Main|Greek and Jewish Ideas about Reproduction in the Quran and Hadith}}
The author of the Qur'an describes the initial formation of a human embryo out of fluid emanating from the man (and possibly also of the woman), which is stored placed in the womb. This reflects the contemporary, but incorrect, view that semen is the material for from which the embryo is initially formed out of semen, as taught by Hippocrates, Galen, and the Jewish Talmud. In fact, semen is the vehicle for the sperm cells, one of which fuses with a woman's [[w:ovum|ovum]] in her [[w:fallopian tube|fallopian tube]], and the resulting cell divides and travels back into the womb for implantation.
While English translations mention a "drop of seed", or "drop of sperm", the Arabic word in question is nutfah, which literally means a small amount of liquid, a euphemism for semen.
{{Main|Embryology in the Quran|l1=Embryology in the Qur'an}}
The Qur'an and Hadith depict that humans are formed from a clot of bloodafter an initial semen stage. There was never a is no stage in embryonic development where humans are formed into from a clot of blood. This description is likely influenced by an unscientific and primitive understanding of human reproduction based on observations from an early-term miscarriage and a woman's menstrual cycle. While in modern times some Muslims seek to use alternative meanings for the relevant word, the mere fact that it certainly can mean clotted blood (as also is the consensus of interpretation in the classical tafsirs), in a passage about a biological process (formation of a baby), is a major weakness in what should be a perfect description. {{Quote|{{Quran|23|14}}|Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood...}}
{{Quote|{{Quran|96|2}}|
====Gender of a Baby is Decided After it Becomes a Clot====
The Qur'an says that an embryo is transformed from a sperm to semen into a clot, then it is shaped, and then the male or female sex is determined. Modern genetics has shown that the sex of a human is decided at the moment of conception.<ref>{{cite book|first=eds.: Anthony S. Fauci [et al.] ; eds. of previous ed.: T. R. Harrison [et al.]|title=Harrison's principles of internal medicine.|date=2008|publisher=McGraw-Hill Medical|location=New York [etc.]|isbn=978-0-07-147693-5|pages=2339–2346|edition=17th ed.}}</ref>
{{Quote|{{Quran-range|75|37|39}}|Was he not a drop of fluid which gushed forth? Then he became a clot; then (Allah) shaped and fashioned And made of him a pair, the male and female.}}
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