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Add [[Scientific Errors in the Qur'an]] to main page, under "Science and Miracles."--[[User:AAA|AAA]] ([[User talk:AAA|talk]]) 16:26, 11 December 2015 (EST)
 
Add [[Scientific Errors in the Qur'an]] to main page, under "Science and Miracles."--[[User:AAA|AAA]] ([[User talk:AAA|talk]]) 16:26, 11 December 2015 (EST)
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== Khalid ibn al-Walid ==
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Khalid Ibn Al-Walid was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in the year of 592 A.D. to the parents
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Walid ibn al-Mughira (the father) and Lubabah- As-Saghirah (the mother). His brothers’ names
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were Hasham bin al-Walid, Ammarah bin al-Walid, Walid bin al Walid, and Najiyah bin al-
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Walid.  Khalid’s father was very wealthy and was the head of the Banu Makhzum clan of the
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Arab tribe of the Quraysh that had originally resisted against Prophet Muhammed. Khalid’s
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father was also known as The Unique, or in Arabic- Al-Wahid (وحيد). Khalid’s mother, on the
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other hand was from the Hilal tribe, a division of the Amir who were well known in Mecca.
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(This tribe was separate from the Quraysh.)
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Shortly after his birth, Khalid was sent to a Bedouin tribe with his foster mother to grow up in
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the fresh air of the desert. He had a mild attack of small pox, but soon recovered, leaving small
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marks on his face. At the age of five or six Khalid went back to his parents in Mecca.
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The three most important clans of Quraysh in Khalid’s time were the Banu Hashim, Banu Abd-
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al-dar, and Banu Makhzum. The Banu Makhzum clan was responsible for the problems of war. 
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So as a child, Khalid was taught to use the spear, lance, bow, and sword (Most people say that
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the lance was Khalid’s favorite, although resources are conflicted.). Also Khalid was a popular
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wrestler and warrior among the Meccans.
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Khalid was over six feet tall, had a lean and athletic body with a very forceful personality.
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Khalid also had a beard that looked full and thick on his face. 
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Khalid and Umar (the second Caliph), were very close friends. They were related to each other,
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Khalid the ‘uncle’ and Umar the ‘nephew’. They had very close facial resemblance, many people
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often confused one with the other. They were very close friends growing up. Yet Khalid’s best
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friend and favorite nephew was Abdullah Hakim.
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Khalid converted to Islam only three years before the Prophet Muhammed passed away. The
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Prophet’s first revelation came down when Khalid was 24. Khalid was initially opposed to
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Islam when the revelations started coming down. Yet one day Khalid was sitting near the
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Ka’abah, thinking. He thought about Islam. And suddenly it came to him that Islam was THE
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religion. Soon the word spread that Khalid was going to become a Muslim. Abu- Sufyan was
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enraged!! But Ikrimah (the first person to hear about Khalid’s change of mind) said to Abu-
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Sufyan, “Steady Oh Abu- Sufyan! Your anger may well lead me to join Muhammed. Khalid is
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free to follow whichever religion he chooses.” Khalid soon put on his armour, and rode to
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Madinah. On his way he met Amr ibn al-Aas and Uthman ibn Talha, they were surprised to meet
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each other. They continued their journey together and reached Madinah on May 31 692 A.D. (1
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Safar the 8 Higri year). They were warmly welcomed to Islam by the Prophet. Note that
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Khalid is now 43.
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When Khalid became a Muslim, he asked the Prophet to pray for him, which the Prophet
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did. Khalid did not fight in the earlier Islamic battles, he was one who fought close to the Prophet
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  in the battles that he did fight in. The first battle in which Khalid won for Muslims was the
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army in the Battle of Mu’tah between the Muslims and the Byzantines. The reason for the battle
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was the many skirmishes between the Muslims and the Byzantines. The Byzantine rulers in the
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Syrian region had even killed some Muslims and converts to Islam showing their aggression. Yet
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the killing of the Muslim messenger, Al-Haarith ibn ‘Umayr set the Muslims ‘on edge’. Since
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the Prophet Muhammad   knew that the Byzantine rulers in the Syrian region had killed some
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Muslims and converts to Islam showing their aggression to Islam he chose three military leaders
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to succeed one another. The hadith by the Prophet was, “If Zayd ibn Haarithah is wounded,
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let Ja‘far ibn Abi Taalib succeed him. If Ja‘far is wounded, let ‘Abdullah ibn Rawaahah, succeed
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him."
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In the battle the three commanders were killed, and the banner was about to fall on the ground
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when Thabit ibn AI-Arqam rushed to save it; he took it to Khalid, telling him that he gave it to
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him because he was most knowledgeable in matters of war. In the beginning Khalid refused
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thinking that Thabit was more worthy of leading the army because of his assistance to Islam. But
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later on, he accepted the insistence of Thabit and the (Muslim) fighters.
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The only way to ‘stay safe’ was to retreat, but that was almost impossible, since the Muslim
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army was surrounded. It was here where the genius of Khalid at work. Despite the extreme
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trickiness of the situation, he relocated the right and left sides of the Muslim army and brought
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forward a seperation from the back to make the Byzantines think that fresh reinforcements had
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arrived. Khalid managed to make an opening within the lines of the enemy through which the
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Muslim army managed to get out safely. We are told in Sahih Al-Bukhari that our hero used
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seven swords that all broke in that battle although most say that it was nine swords. In this battle
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was Khalid named ‘Sword of Allah’.
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Some other battles in which Khalid fought in were: - Tabook, Hunain, and the battle of Ta’if
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which was a continuation of the battle of Hunain. In this battle (Hunain), the non-Muslims had
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ambushed the Muslims which had caused some Muslims to flee the battle completely. Yet
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around the Prophet (ص (was a small group fighting strongly against the non-Muslims. It is said
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that only twelve people remained, fighting in a circle around the Prophet (ص (. Some of the more
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known fighters were Abu Bakr ibn Qhuhafah, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and
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Khalid ibn- al Walid. They were all bruised and scratched, yet they still stood to protect the
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Prophet (ص (.   
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In the year of 642 (the 21 year of Hijra) when Khalid passed away. The illness is unknown, but
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it took his strength out of him at a rapid pace and was said to be prolonged. Khalid was impatient
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of his death fate, instead of being a violent battle death. While on his death bed a friend went to
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see Khalid. Khalid asked, “Do you see a space of the span of a hand on my leg, chest, or arm
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which is not covered by some scar of the wound of a sword or an arrow or a lance?” The friend
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told Khalid that he did not see any space. Khalid asked this question, until he asked about his
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whole body. Then Khalid asked, “Do you see?! I have sought martyrdom in a hundred battles,
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why could I not have died in battle?”  His friend replied, “You could not have died in battle.”
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“Why not?” said Khalid “You must understand Oh Khalid,” said the friend explained, “That the
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messenger of Allah (swt) on whom be blessings of Allah (swt) and peace predetermined that you
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would not fall in battle. If you had been killed by an unbeliever, it would have meant that Allah
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(swt)’s sword had been broken by an enemy of Allah (swt), and that could never do.”  Khalid’s
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head could see the logic in his friend’s words, but his heart still wanted death in combat.
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Khalid’s possessions as he died were: - his armour, horse, weapons, and one faithful servant-
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Hamam. As Khalid died he said one last sentence, “I die even as a camel dies. I die in bed, in
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shame. The eyes of the cowards do not close even in sleep.”  Thus was the death of the famous
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Khalid Ibn Al-Walid, Sword of Allah.                                                                                     
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Bibliography:
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www.facebook.com/6TheTeachingOfIslamsunna/posts/389402547833523
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http://www.faithology.com/biographies/khalid
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http://www.beautifulislam.net/sahabah/khalid_bin_waleed.htm
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http://www.geni.com/people/Khalid-bin-al-Walid/6000000020873727666
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http://www.britannica.com/biography/Khalid-ibn-al-Walid
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www.slideshare.net/lightningbolt3/khalid-ibn-walid
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http://www.islamweb.net/en/article/157807/
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http://islamichistory.org/khalid-ibn-al-waleed/
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http://www.ezsoftech.com/islamic/hunayn.asp
 
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