Rule of Islamic law

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Rule of Shari'ah or rule of Islamic law is when the legal code of a political entity is based on Islamic law. There are debates as the extent of this implementation[1]; differing interpretations of sharia have existed since time immemorial.[2]

Warning

Rule of Islamic law permits summary executions for lack of Islamic virtue[3].

Sheikh Ayman Zawahiri has repeatedly called for the "rule of Shari'ah". In his September 2006 video release he called for "justice", "end to oppression", and "rule of Shari'ah".

Iran

In the Islamic Republic of Iran, many politicians[4] say "rule of law" when they mean rule of Shari'ah. Sometimes they say "Islamic law" while at other times they say "rule of law" for brevity; however, if asked they explain that all laws have to be in agreement with Shari'ah. Islamist democrats calls for rule of Islamic law, too.

Libya

In the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, the Qur'an is constitution.

Nigeria

In the Federal Republic of Nigeria, there are 12 states with Shari'ah out of the 38 states.

Sudan

In Sudan, Shari'ah does not apply to Southern Sudan.

Saudi Arabia

The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia make it clear that no deviation from the Qur'an and Islamic jurisprudence is permissible. This is the objective of the Saudi Arabian kingdom.[5]

Somalia

The Union of Islamic Courts waged jihad to establish the rule of Islamic law in Somalia.[6] They were defeated[7] at the Battle of Jilib in the last week of 2006, by armed intervention led by Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi.

Criticism

Commentators believe that the hallmark of Islamic totalitarianism is rule of Islamic law.[8] The right to dissent and freedom from fear becomes virtually non-existent.[9]

See Also

Further Reading

  • Family and the Courts in Modern Egypt: A Study Based on Decisions by the Sharia Courts 1900-1955 ISBN 978-9004107427
  • Enemy in the Mirror ISBN 978-0691058443
  • Mawdudi & the Making of Islamic Revivalism ISBN 978-0195096958

External Links

References