Reza Pahlavi

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Reza Pahlavi I (1878-1944) was the Shah (King) of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 to 1941. He— with an iron fist — westernized Iran (like his Turkish contemporary Atatürk) and marginalized the Islamic clergy. For example, he put an end to stoning and forcibly unveiled women. Reza Pahlavi secularized Iran by blatantly ignoring the religious constitution entirely. His critics call him a "dictator" and very few credit him due to their misunderstanding of the actual constitution.

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