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Islamophobia is a neologism formed from Islam and -phobia. It refers to prejudice against, hatred towards, or irrational fear of Muslims. In 1997, the British Runnymede Trust defined Islamophobia as the "dread or hatred of Islam and therefore, [the] fear and dislike of all Muslims," stating that it also refers to the practice of discriminating against Muslims by excluding them from the economic, social, and public life of the nation.


This term was criticized for many reasons:

  • It is used to silence criticism of Islam. So it is thus against free speech.
  • People labeled as "islamophobic" don't actually have a phobia (which is a strictly defined psychological disease).
  • The term doesn't differentiate between different interpretations of Islam. Some interpretations are dangerous and fear of them has a rational basis.
  • The problem of the so called "islamophobes" is hatred (and potentially violence) against Muslims, not against Islam.

A quote from a statement signed by Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Ibn Warraq, Salman Rushdie and other writers:

We refuse to renounce our critical spirit out of fear of being accused of "Islamophobia", a wretched concept that confuses criticism of Islam as a religion and stigmatisation of those who believe in it.


  • muslimophobia
  • anti-muslimism
  • anti-muslim bigotry
  • hatred of Muslims

See Also

  • Phobia - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Phobia