Inter-Services Intelligence agency (Pakistan)
The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (Inter-Services Intelligence or ISI) is the largest intelligence service in Pakistan. It is one of the three main branches of Pakistan's intelligence agencies.
The agency was created as an independent unit in 1948 to strengthen the performance of Pakistan's Military Intelligence during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. It was formerly the Intelligence Bureau. Its headquarters was initially located in Rawalpindi but later it was moved to Islamabad. The current director of the organization is Lieutenant General Ahmad Shuja Pasha, who took over in September 2008.
The ISI became involved with Afghanistan in the 1980s after the Soviet invasion in 1979. The CIA used it to channel covert funds to the Afghan mujaheddin groups. Saudi Arabia matched American funding from the mid-1980s, and also used the ISI as a channel.
According to a London School of Economics report published in June 2010, support for the Taliban was the "official policy" of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency. "Pakistan appears to be playing a double-game of astonishing magnitude," said the report, based on interviews with Taliban commanders and former senior Taliban ministers as well as Western and Afghan security officials. Pakistani support for the Taliban is prolonging a conflict that has cost the West billions of dollars and hundreds of lives, the report said. The report is based on dozens of interviews and corroborated by two senior western security officials.
- Pakistan - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Pakistan
- London School of Economics: Pakistan's ISI "is providing funding, training and sanctuary to the Taliban on scale much larger than previously thought" - Jihad watch, June 12, 2010
- Sunday Times, June 13 2010 pp.26-27
- Pakistan's ISI still supporting Taliban: Report - Press Trust of India, June 13, 2010