Fard (الفرض) is an Islamic term meaning Compulsory. It refers to religious duties incumbent upon all Muslims, of which there are two types:
- Individual duty (لواجب الع fard al-ayn)
Meaning something all individual Muslims must perform.
- Sufficiency duty (الواجب الكفائي fard al-kifaya)
Meaning something that is a collective duty among the body of believers, but may not require each individual Muslim to perform.