The Ṣaḥābah (الصحابة Companions) were the companions of Prophet Muhammad. To be still considered a Sahabah today, the individual must have seen Muhammad, believed in his prophethood and died as a believer. So this would exclude Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh (brother of Zainab bint Jash, the cousin and wife of Muhammad), who was a Sahabah but later converted to Christianity. Those that saw Muhammad but held off believing in him until after his death are not considered Sahabah but Tabi'un. According to Muhammad, the Sahabah are among the best generation of Muslims on Earth, along with the Tabi‘un and the Tabi' al-Tabi'un.
- Sh. G. F. Haddad - Sahaba - LivingIslam, January 7, 2009
- Bewley/Saad 8:72; Al-Tabari, Vol. 8, p. 4; Al-Tabari, Vol. 39, p. 180; cf Guillaume/Ishaq 3; Maududi (1967), Tafhimul Quran, Chapter Al Ahzab
- Alfred Guillaume - The Life of Muhammad - Oxford University Press, 1955, reprinted in 2003. ISBN 0-19-636033-1