Difference between revisions of "Muslim Statistics - Women"
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[[Category:Statistics]][[Category:Islam and Women]]
[[Category:Islam and Women]]
Revision as of 07:07, 16 August 2013
This page contains statistics covering various women-related issues. For statistics specifically concerning honor violence against women, see Honor Violence. For child-marriages and the abuse of children, see Children.
- 1 Danger to Women
- 2 Divorce Rates
- 3 Equality
- 4 Female Genital Mutilation
- 5 Verbal, Physical or Sexual abuse
- 6 Sexual Harassment
- 7 Depression & Suicide
- 8 References
Danger to Women
According to a 2011 survey conducted by TrustLaw, a legal news service run by the Thomson-Reuters Foundation, 3 of the 5 most dangerous countries for women (including the top-spot) are Muslim majorities, and in terms of cultural/tribal/religious danger to women, 4 of the 5 most dangerous countries are Muslim majorities.
Divorce rates among Muslims is five-times higher than among non-Muslims
The consequences have been devastating. Nigeria has the highest maternal mortality rate in Africa and one of the world’s highest rates of fistula, a condition that can occur when the pressure of childbirth tears a hole between the vagina and the bladder or rectum. Many women are left incontinent for life. Up to 800,000 women suffer from fistula in Nigeria.
. . .
Dr Waaldijk operates on up to 600 women a year, with no electricity or running water... Some have been divorced by their husbands - it is estimated that up to half of adolescent girls in northern Nigeria are divorced... The Nigerian federal Government has attempted to outlaw child marriage. In 2003 it passed the Child Rights Act, prohibiting marriage under the age of 18. In the Muslim northern states, though, there has been fierce resistance to the Act, with many people portraying it as antiIslamic.
. . .
Half of Nigeria’s 36 states have passed the Act, but it has been adopted by only one of the dozen Muslim states - and even that one made a crucial amendment substituting the age of 18 for the term “puberty”.
Based on this study, more than half of divorces in Qatar are the result of women disobeying their husband: in at least 20% of divorces the women behaved badly and 36% were caused by insolent behaviour by women. Some 17% of divorces are caused by women refusing to do their household chores. In 9% of the cases the husband decides to divorce out of jealousy, but also in these cases women are to blame, because they made their husband jealous by leaving the house on their own. One in three wives in Qatar suffer physical or psychological violence from the side of their husband, but this is not one of the listed causes for divorce in the survey.
The court registers 40 marriages and 20 divorces a day.
Sheikh Saleh stressed the high price children pay when their parents divorce, including behavioral disorders, depression, addiction and low school performance.
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A study conducted by Dr. Ebtisam Halawani at King Abdul Aziz University revealed that the main reason most women left their spouses was ill-treatment and violence. Most divorces occur during the first three years of marriage, the study said.
Polygamy, according to Abdullah Al-Fawzan, a professor and sociologist at King Saud University in Riyadh, is responsible for up to 55 percent of divorces. He added that the loss of trust, sincerity, compassion and cooperation were also factors in the failure of marriages.
The involvement of husbands in illicit relationships is a factor according to 38 percent of divorcees. Since few couples can get to know each other before getting married, the incompatibility and misunderstanding that can arise as a result often lead to separation, Professor Fawzan added.
According to the Ministry of Planning, 70,000 marriages and 13, 000 divorces were recorded last year. In Riyadh, there were 3, 000 divorces out of 8,500 marriages that took place in 2002.
Makkah had the largest number of divorcees (396, 248), followed by Riyadh (327, 427), the Eastern Province (228, 093), and Asir (130, 812).If the trend continues, there will be eight million single women in the Kingdom by the end of the decade, according to Dr. Ebtisam Halawani’s study.
The number of divorces is increasing, with nearly 62 percent of marriages ending in divorce.
The daily said 25,403 Saudi women between 30 and 34 years of age were divorced in 2008, followed by 21,430 women aged between 35 and 39.
The report put the total number of Saudi women who got divorce that year at 128,090, the newspaper said.
The report also revealed that the majority of 14,589 Saudi men who divorced their wives in 2008 were aged between 40 and 44. It said 63,616 Saudi men aged between 35 and 80 years remain single, and 31,678 of them were aged between 35 and 39 years.
More than 2,000 men in their 70s or 80s have never got married, according to the report.
Earlier studies indicated that by 2015, Saudi Arabia will have at least 5 million spinsters.The number of divorces is increasing in the Kingdom, with nearly 62 percent of marriages ending in divorce.
Divorce rates spike during the Eid and holiday break.
Marriage consultant Muhammad Al-Ahmadi told Arab News there were various other reasons for divorce, the most important of which of course was the financial circumstances of the couple.
"Differences leading to divorce can easily happen over petty things, such as visits to relatives, travel during the Eid holidays, the type of food served on the occasion and whether to let children to go out to play," he said.
There have been some comical stories about Eid divorces. A local newspaper reported that a man divorced his two wives because they insisted that he buy them new clothes for the occasion. It reported another man divorced his wife because she refused to go with him to visit his sister and insisted on going to her mother instead.
However, a survey of couples conducted by Al-Mawadah Center for Family Consultancy did not entirely blame Eid expenses for family breakdowns. According to the survey, half of respondents did not believe that differences over Eid expenses were the main cause for divorce.
About 63 percent did not believe that Eid was an occasion to further strengthen family ties while 37 percent did.
A third approved of marriages during Eid, while 27 percent did not.A recent report released by the Ministry of Justice said there were 9,233 divorces in Saudi Arabia in 2010. It revealed Makkah region topped all other regions with 2,518 divorce cases (27 percent of total divorces). The Eastern Province was second with 1,970 divorces and Madinah province occupied third place with 1,198 divorces.
In 2010, 14.7 percent of all Muslim men divorcing had been divorced before, compared to only 3.9 percent of non-Muslims.
The 2009 report by the World Economic Forum has listed predominantly Islamic nations in the bottom of their annual Global Gender Gap (GGG) Index.....The only nation not predominantly Islamic in the bottom of the Global Gender Gap index was Benin.
In addition, the 2009 World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Index report does not include rankings on a number of significant and predominantly Islamic nations where women are oppressed. Somalia (population of nearly 10 million) was not included in the index. Endless numbers of reports of the stonings and Islamic supremacist abuses of women have been reported in Somalia in the past year, including the stoning to death of a 13 year old girl based on “Sharia law” in October 2008. Sudan (population of nearly 41 million) was also not included in the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Index. Among other nations, Afghanistan (29 million) and Iraq (29 million) are also not included in this Global Gender Gap Index. With the index not reporting on these 109 million, the desperate fate of an estimated 50 plus million women are not included in this Global Gender Gap index report.
Even with these significant exclusions from the Global Gender Gap index report, the bottom 10 index nations (excluding Benin), which are all predominantly Islamic nations, represent a population of over half a billion individuals.....If women represent half of the population in these nations, then these bottom 10 predominantly Islamic nations demonstrate the ongoing oppression of an estimated 250 million women.
In addition, if some other predominantly Islamic nations in the bottom of the Global Gender Gap index are also added to these totals, the global image of the correlated oppression of women further expands dramatically. (Again, this is without such nations as Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Iraq, etc., which were not included in the GGG index report analysis.)
If nine additional such nations in the GGG index are added, the total population impacted doubles from half a billion to over 1 billion.....If women represent half of the population in these nations, then these bottom ranked, predominantly Islamic nations demonstrate the ongoing oppression of an estimated 500 million women.
The Global Gender Gap report for 2011 found all five countries which scored lowest to be Muslim majorities.
Fight for rights: Worst places to be female
Rated the worst of 135 countries for women by the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Report 2011. With limited access to education, Yemeni women take only two per cent of skilled jobs. Around 14 per cent of girls are married before the age of 15, and some are forced to marry as young as eight, Human Rights Watch says.
Three times as many men are enrolled at university as women in the central African country, one of the poorest nations in the world. From 2005-11, Chad closed only 52 per cent of its gender pay gap – the lowest out of all countries surveyed.
Women have greater than average political empowerment in Pakistan (which came one place above the UK in the ratings), but health, education and economic participation are areas of inequality. The nation's labour force is made up of four times as many men as women.
MaliWomen are treated as second-class citizens in Mali, where more than half are married by the time they are 18 and 69 per cent of women aged 15 to 24 are illiterate, according to Unicef. Under the new Family Code law adopted this year, which had been heralded as a step forward, women's rights have been set back to the original 1962 Bill, which rules a woman must obey her husband.
The Global Gender Gap report for 2012 found all ten countries which scored lowest to be countries where Muslims are the majority or Islam is the largest religion. Conversely, all ten countries which scored the highest are secular and/or devoutly Christian countries.
A poll in the Saudi Dar al-Hayat newspaper found that 41% of readers don't think women should work as cashiers, while a further 20% were in favour but only with additional "conditions".
(Text reads): Do you support women working as cashiers in stores?
With conditions: 20%
Number of votes: 2,104
Female Genital Mutilation
The study revealed that over 20,000 girls could be at risk of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in the UK.Funded by the Department of Health and in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Department of Midwifery, City University, the study reveals that nearly 66,000 women with FGM are living in England and Wales (2001) and that there are nearly 16,000 girls under the age of 15 at high risk of WHO Type III FGM and over 5,000 at high risk of WHO Type I or Type II.
Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation
From the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2005
|Country||Nation Prevalence % of FGM|
|Central African Republic||36|
Verbal, Physical or Sexual abuse
Still, every year, 83,000 Nepal migrant women leave the country in search for work. Most go to the Middle East, especially Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, where job opportunities are better.Arab states are destination of most illegal workers. Out of 67,000 in the Middle East in 2006, only 3,000 had the right papers and a valid contract.
South Mediterranean Region
. . .
The reason is they are having such a life that they cannot tolerate anymore all this kind of violence. So I believe that the main reason is this that we have a strong culture of impunity that gives woman no hope and no choice to go and ask for justice.
. . .
Some of the women convicted of "zina" are guilty of nothing more than running away from forced marriages or violent husbands.Human rights activists say hundreds of those behind bars are victims of domestic violence.
Bangladesh Mahila Parishad made the annual report on women repression based on stories published in 14 national dailies last year, a press release said.
A total of 6,616 women fell victim to repression across the country last year, says the report. Of them, 1,014 women were victims of stalking, 96 were killed after rape and 38 died after being set on fire. Moreover, 81 women were acid burnt while two of them died following the attacks.
Over 800 women were raped, of whom 165 were gang raped, as per the report.
Two hundred and eighty seven women faced sexual harassment in 2011. About 181 women and teenage girls were abducted while 109 women and girl children fell victim to trafficking. Among the victims of trafficking, 45 were sold to brothels, the report says.At least 330 women were killed for failing to give dowry while 55 teenage house helps died in different incidents of torture across the country. Also, 68 women were tortured in the name of fatwa (religious edict), and 75 fell victim to child marriage.
CEWLA’s report also showed that the perpetrators of violence were males in 75 percent of the cases and women represented 25 percent. The perpetrators were the husbands (52 percent), the fathers (10 percent), brothers (10 percent), the mothers (four percent) the rest were the sons, relatives of the husband or of the wife, the step father or the step mother. The types of violence were murder (76 percent), attempt to murder (5 percent), battering (18 percent), kidnapping 2.5 percent and the rest were different types such as burning property, forcing women to sign checks and become guarantors of men, accusation of insanity, etc.The report indicated that causes of violence were honor crimes (42 percent), leaving the house without the husband’s approval (7.5 percent), wives asking for divorce (3 percent).
“One-fifth of Iraqi women are subjected to two types of violence, physical and psychological, constituting a very serious danger to the family and society,” Zaidi said at a conference dedicated to fighting violence against women.
. . .
83% of Jordanian women approve of wife beating if the woman cheats on her husband
60% approve of wife beating in cases where the wife burns a meal she's cooking
52% approve of wife beating in case where she's refused to follow the husband’s orders
According to statistics from her ministry, 6 million women in Morocco are victims of violence, or around one in three.
Oslo is the capital of Norway. In 2010, its non-Western immigrant population was made up of Pakistanis (21,195), Somalis (11,542), Sri Lankans (7,214), Vietnamese (5,573), Turks (5,987), Moroccans (5,848), and Iraqis (6,831). And in 2009, 11% of its population were Muslim.
Every single rape assault between 2005-2010, where the rapist could be identified, was commited by a non-Western foreigner.
|Transcript of English translation|
00:00:01:75 00:00:06:30 In Oslo all sexual assaults involving rape in the past year
00:00:06:30 00:00:10:45 has been committed by males of non-western background
Nettavisen had intended to write an article about the Norwegian Christmas holiday, Christmas dinners, Christmas beer, Christmas Aquavit and Christmas brawls in Norwegian households.
The hypothesis was that the number of incidences of domestic violence would increase when people have time off and when they consume more alcohol.
That’s not the case in Oslo. According to the domestic violence coordinator and assistant police chief Stein Erik Olsen the ‘Norwegian Christmas violence theory’ is simply a myth, on par with the myth that more burglaries are committed during holidays.
“70 percent of domestic violence cases involve families with a different ethnic background. The cultures concerned don’t touch alcohol and they don’t celebrate Christmas.”
And he adds:
“Our experience from Stovner [immigrant suburb of Oslo] is that the number of domestic violence cases declines during Ramadan.”
Olsen doesn’t wish to speculate why that is the case.
. . .
In 2009, efforts were in progress to come out with a new domestic violence law in Pakistan. A private bill on domestic violence had been passed in the National Assembly in 2009, which required approval by the Pakistani Senate.However, the Council of Islamic Ideology’s (CII) warning that a law against domestic violence will ‘push up divorce rates’ coupled with Mohammad Khan Sheerani’s objections (of the JUI-F), led to a deferment of the hearing in the Senate. Since then the government has not paid much attention to the matter and the bill has lapsed, The Express Tribune reports.
Palestinian Authority area
Some 55.8 percent of women who have no education or have not finished primary education are subjected to violence, while 27.2 percent of women with at least a high school diploma or higher are the victims, the study said.
Some 48.5 percent of women experience some form of violence but do not disclose their victimization, the study said, adding that women with a lower income (54.1 percent) were more likely to stay silent about being assaulted than women with more education (37.5 percent).
Some 23.4 percent of women have been forced by men to quit their jobs or have been prevented from working; in the lower-income category, this figure is 21.5 percent while it is 21.2 percent for those with higher incomes.Altogether, 33.7 percent of women said they considered suicide as a solution to their problems. For those with less education, this number is 34.1 percent, while 37.6 of higher educated women have also considered taking their own lives.
The findings contradict the widely held belief in Egypt that unveiled women are more likely to suffer harassment than veiled ones.
Participants in the survey were shown pictures of women wearing different kinds of dress - from the mini skirt to the niqab (full face veil) and asked which were more likely to be harassed.
More than 60% - including female respondents - suggested the scantily clad woman was most at risk. But in reality the study concluded the majority of the victims of harassment were modestly dressed women wearing Islamic headscarves.
ECWR head Nihad Abu El-Qoumsan said that even veiled women who were victims of harassment blamed themselves.
Western women who took part in the study demonstrated a strong belief in their entitlement to personal safety and freedom of movement, she says, but this was totally absent among Egyptian respondents.
No-one spoke about freedom of choice, freedom of movement or the right to legal protection. No-one showed any awareness that the harasser was a criminal, regardless of what clothes the victim was wearing.
. . .
The sexual harassment of women belonging to minorities by Muslims is pandemic:
The study quoted in Arab News focussed on the phones of teenagers detained by religious police for harassing girls.The same researcher also found that 88% of girls say they have been victims of harassment using Bluetooth technology.
Depression & Suicide
. . .
The advisor of the president of Afghanistan in health matters estimates that each year 2300 Afghan women and girls, aged between 15 to 40 years who suffer from depression, commit suicide.Mr. Kakkar said that on the basis of the above information the rate of suicide among women is 5 out of every 100,000.
. . .
In 2008 the Ministry of Public Health of Afghanistan had estimated that two-thirds of the Afghan population suffered from mental illnesses.
While reliable statistics on anything are hard to come by in Iraq, officials say there have been as many as 50 suicides this year in this city of 350,000 — at least double the rate in the United States — compared with 80 all of last year. The most common methods among women are self-immolation and gunshots.Among the many explanations given, like poverty and madness, one is offered most frequently: access to the Internet and to satellite television, which came after the start of the war. This has given young women glimpses of a better life, unencumbered by the traditions that have constricted women for centuries to a life of obedience and child-rearing, one devoid of romance.
- The world’s five most dangerous countries for women: A Thomson Reuters Foundation global poll of experts - June 15, 2011
- Joanne - Stemming the 'I divorce you' trend - International Campaign Against Honour Killings, November 6, 2006
- Ian MacKinnon - 'Obedient Wife Club' set up to curb divorce - The Telegraph, June 3, 2011
- Highest divorce rate - Guinness World Records, accessed January 5, 2013
- "Nigeria Child Brides-Broken Lives", Times Online, November 28, 2008 (archived), http://www.wunrn.com/news/2008/11_08/11_24_08/112408_nigeria.htm.
- Qatar: divorce peak caused by women, survey - ANSAmed, February 23, 2012
- Somayya Jabarti - Alarming Divorce Rate ‘Must Be Addressed Urgently’ - Arab News, October 24, 2003
- Divorce rate high among women in their 30s - Arab News, March 4, 2011
- MD Humaidan - Divorces spike during summer break, Eid holiday - Arab News, September 7, 2011
- Liz Leslie, "Divorce Rates Higher In Muslim Community In Singapore", Muslim Voices, March 28, 2012 (archived), http://muslimvoices.org/divorce-rates-higher-muslim-community-singapore/.
- World Gender Gap Worst in Islamic Nations — Survey Shows Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Yemen, Egypt, Turkey at Bottom of List - R.E.A.L. Organization, October 28, 2009
- Ricardo Hausmann, Laura D. Tyson, Saadia Zahidi - The Global Gender Gap Report 2011: Rankings and Scores - World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland 2011
- Guy Adams - Manal al-Sharif: 'They just messed with the wrong woman' - The Independent, May 23, 2012
- The only country not to have a Muslim majority is Côte d'Ivoire. According to Côte d'Ivoire's Wikipedia page, 38.6% follow Islam, 32.8% follow Christianity. Thus Islam is its largest religion (ref: "Côte d'Ivoire", The World Factbook, CIA Directorate of Intelligence, 24 July 2008).
- Ricardo Hausmann, Laura D. Tyson, Saadia Zahidi - The Global Gender Gap Report 2012 - World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland, October 2012
- Sarah El Deeb - Alarming assaults on women in Egypt's Tahrir - Associated Press, June 6, 2012
- Dar al-Hayat, 19 March 2011 (translated by Al Mutarjim)
- Girls mutilated for 'tradition' - (originally) The Sunday Telegraph, November 5, 2006
- Jeffrey Gettleman - For Somali Women, Pain of Being a Spoil of War - The New York Times, December 27, 2011
- FMG Research - FOWARD, accessed on August 28, 2010
- Tracy McVeigh and Tara Sutton - British girls undergo horror of genital mutilation despite tough laws - The Observer, July 25, 2010
- CHANGING A HARMFUL SOCIAL CONVENTION:FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION/CUTTING - UNICEF, 2005, ISBN: 88-89129-24-7
- Nepali migrant women victims of abuse and exploitation - AsiaNews, September 16, 2011
- Mediterranean: EU Study, Domestic Violence Between 40%, 75% - ANSAmed, May 9, 2011
- Atia Abawi - Afghan women hiding for their lives - CNN, September 24, 2009
- Afghan govt launches campaign against self-immolation - ABC Radio Australia, September 8, 2011
- Orla Guerin - EU censors own film on Afghan women prisoners - BBC News, November 10, 2011
- Tortured Afghan child bride slowly recovering - AFP, January 12, 2012
- Over 6,000 women repressed last year - The Daily Star, January 3, 2012
- Manar Ammar - Two honor killings hit Egypt’s Alexandria - Bikya Masr, February 26, 2012
- Olivier Guitta, "Opinion: Why France is right about the burqa", GlobalPost, February 26, 2010 (archived), http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/worldview/100225/france-burqa-ban-human-rights?page=0,1.
- Tatevik Hayrapetyan - Turkish drug mafia conquers Europe - NEWS.am, February 16, 2012
- Maryam Nayeb-Yazdi - The violence that may never end - Iranian.com, February 15, 2006
- Afif Sarhan - Iraq’s Domestic Violence Plight - Islam Online, May 31, 2009
- One in five Iraqi women subjected to abuse - AFP, November 26, 2011
- Yara Bayoumy & Aseel Kami - ‘Honor killings’ require tougher laws, say Iraqi women - Reuters, March 6, 2012
- Natasha Tynes - Disturbing report on wife beating in Jordan - Mental Mayhem, April 10, 2005
- All together now: YES for wife beatings! - 360 East, May 7, 2006
- Brianna Taylor - Morocco women struggle against violence from husbands - Bikya Masr, October 7, 2012
- 10 Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, etter landbakgrunn (de 20 største gruppene). Utvalgte kommuner. 1.januar 2010
- Mellom 4 og 11 prosent muslimer i 2060 - nyheter - Dagbladet.no, April 15, 2009
- Ethnics account for 70 percent of family violence in Oslo - Kjetil Mæland, Nettavisen, December 8, 2011 (English translation)
- PAKISTAN: Domestic violence endemic, but awareness slowly rising - The Advocates, March 11, 2008
- Violence against women rises by 13% Violence against women rises by 13% - The Express Tribune, June 29, 2010.
- Rape, Zina and Incest - MuslimAccess, accessed July 14, 2011
- ‘50% Pakistan urban women get beaten by their husbands’ - ANI, March 17, 2012
- Doug Alexander - Addressing Violence Against Palestinian Women - The International Development Research Centre, June 23, 2000
- Murder a fact of life for women in Turkey - Hurriyet Daily News, February 20, 2011
- Yonca Poyraz Doğan - Women's groups outraged by Cabinet's drastic changes to violence bill draft - Today's Zaman, March 1, 2012
- Gender-based violence nearly doubles in 3 years, report says - Today's Zaman, May 7, 2012
- Gender-based violence leading cause of death for women aged 15-44 - Today's Zaman, August 10, 2012
- Jeff Jacoby - Lara Logan and Egyptian Liberation - Townhall, February 21, 2011
- Maggie Hyde - Harrasmap: A counter to web of women’s harassment - Associated Press, October 25, 2010
- Magdi Abdelhadi - Egypt's sexual harassment 'cancer' - BBC News, July 18, 2008
- Desmond Shephard - Foreign woman stripped of clothes, assaulted, in Egypt’s Tahrir Square - Bikya Masr, January 25, 2012
- Manar Ammar - Sexual harassment awaits Egyptian girls outside schools - Bikya Masr, September 10, 2012
- Minority women in Pakistan face harassment: Study - IANS, March 16, 2012
- Porn dominates Saudi mobile use - BBC News, April 25, 2007
- 2300 Women and Girls Commit Suicide in Afghanistan Each Year - BBC Persian (Translated by RAWA), July 31, 2010
- Tim Arango - Where Arranged Marriages Are Customary, Suicides Grow More Common - The New York Times, June 6, 2012