Difference between revisions of "Muhammad's prophecies"

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There is also the Pen that writes deeds. Maybe there will be more deeds written?
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Revision as of 07:17, 14 June 2020

This article looks at different categories of Muhammamd's prophecies with examples. Some of the prophecies are considered "signs of the Hour", which are events that are supposed to indicate that the Day of Judgement is coming.

Prophecies in this article are from the hadiths. Quranic prophecies have a separate article.

Contents

Deceptive tactics

Deceptive tactics used by apologists in relation to the prophecies are:

  • Ignoring that the hadith is weak (daif). Sometimes the sources are not even mentioned.
  • Pretending that the predicted things didn't happen before they were written, while in fact they did happen
  • Pretending that the predicted things started happening just now and that the prophecy amazingly fits on our time, although other apologists hundreds of years ago said the same thing in their time
  • Pretending that a prophecy would be hard to guess for Muhammad, while in fact it wouldn't be that hard to guess
  • "It can't be man-made, therefore it's god-made". Even if there were prophecies which would require knowledge from supernatural source, it doesn't necessarily mean that the source is god. It might have been from Satan, who also has more ability than humans. Or it might have been magic. There are many supernatural concepts.
  • Prophecies of god's punishments for certain acts are considered fulfilled, although the causation between the act and the punishment is not clearly proven. Just because people are dishonest/disbelieving/immoral and there are diseases/floods/wars, it doesn't mean that one caused the other
  • Telling a lot of details and making it seem that they are a part of the hadith when in fact they are not a part of the hadith
  • Not quoting the hadith, presenting only "summarized" version with unfitting details omitted or even with added new details
  • Being quiet about problematic prophecies which clearly didn't come true

Predictions of what already happened before the hadiths were written

The hadith collections were written, often by Persian authors, many years after the death of Muhammad. So when the hadiths contain a prophecy about early Islamic history, it might be attributed to Muhamamd after the fact. This category also includes things that always happened, even before Islam (earthquakes, wars, people being dishonest...).

It's questionable whether "prophecies" in this category could be considered prophecies when they don't say anything new.

"30 false prophets"

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

The Last Hour would not come until there would arise about thirty impostors, liars, and each one of them would claim that he is a messenger of Allah.


The idea of false prophets was nothing new. Muhammad himself was among many self-proclaimed prophets and even in his time there was a different prophet called by Muslims "Musaylimah al-Kadhdhāb" (Musaylama the Liar).

Muhammad predicted that there were will be around 30 false prophets, but there were much more self-proclaimed prophets and the Hour didn't come, so it's one of Muhammad's failed prophecies.

Prediction of false prophets was also nothing new. False prophets were already predicted in the Bible, hundreds of years before Muhammad:

At that time many will turn away from the faith and will betray and hate each other, and many false prophets will appear and deceive many people.


The Bible (NIV), Matthew 24:10-11

Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves. By their fruit you will recognize them. Do people pick grapes from thornbushes, or figs from thistles? Likewise, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Thus, by their fruit you will recognize them.


The Bible (NIV), Matthew 7:15-20

"The caliphate will last 30 years"

Sa'eed bin Jumhan narrated: "Safinah narrated to me, he said: 'The Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said: "Al-Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that."' Then Safinah said to me: 'Count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr,' then he said: 'Count the Khilafah of 'Umar and the Khilafah of 'Uthman.' Then he said to me: 'Count the Khilafah of 'Ali."' He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years." Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umaiyyah claim that the Khilafah is among them.' He said: 'Banu Az-Zarqa' lie, rather they are a monarchy, among the worst of monarchies."'


  • The first caliphate lasted from 632-661, which is 29 years, not 30
  • Tirmidhi, author of this hadith collection, was born in 824, more than 100 years after the end of the caliphate
  • The hadith in it's text is in the context of discussion about previous caliphates
  • The political system after the first caliphate, was still called a caliphate. There was some form of caliphate until the 20th century

"Khawarij"

According to Islamic scholars, this hadith is about the coming of the Khawarij:

It was narrated that 'Ali said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah [SAW] say: 'At the end of time there will appear young people with foolish minds. Their faith will not pass through their throats, and they will go out of Islam as an arrow goes through the target. If you meet them, then kill them, for killing them will bring reward to the one who killed them on the Day of Resurrection.'"


Sunan An-Nasa'i Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4107

Khawarij ("The Leavers") left the army of the caliph Ali in the middle of the 7th century. The "prediction" was written in the middle of the 9th century, two hundred years later.

The prophecy says "at the end of time", but Khawarij appeared more than a thousand years ago and the end of times didn't come. This is one of many failed prophecies.

"Earthquakes will increase"

It's a part of a big hadith as one of the signs of the end of the world:

.. and earthquakes will increase in number..


There were always earthquakes, increasing and decreasing. There is a report that earthquake happened also during the life of Muhammad:

He [the Prophet (ﷺ)] prayed during an earthquake six bowings and four prostrations, and said, "This is the way the Prayer of the Signs (of Allah) is offered.


Earthquakes were also already predicted in the Bible:

When you hear of wars and uprisings, do not be frightened. These things must happen first, but the end will not come right away.”

Then he said to them: “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be great earthquakes, famines and pestilences in various places, and fearful events and great signs from heaven.


Luke 21:9-11

"My death" [Muhammad's]

Muhammad predicted that he will die. The prediction doesn't contain any specific information about his death:

I went to the Prophet (ﷺ) during the Ghazwa of Tabuk while he was sitting in a leather tent. He said, "Count six signs that indicate the approach of the Hour: my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a plague that will afflict you (and kill you in great numbers) as the plague that afflicts sheep, the increase of wealth to such an extent that even if one is given one hundred Dinars, he will not be satisfied; then an affliction which no Arab house will escape, and then a truce between you and Bani Al-Asfar (i.e. the Byzantines) who will betray you and attack you under eighty flags. Under each flag will be twelve thousand soldiers.


All people that lived before Muhammad eventually died. He could observe dying of people around him. There's nothing special about predicting that he will eventually die too, just like all other human beings.

The context is that it will be a sign that the Hour is coming. But Muhammad died more than a thousand years ago and the Hour didn't come.

"Sexual immorality" (abominations)

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ turned to us and said: ‘O Muhajirun, there are five things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with Allah lest you live to see them: Immorality never appears among a people to such an extent that they commit it openly, but plagues and diseases that were never known among the predecessors will spread among them. They do not cheat in weights and measures but they will be stricken with famine, severe calamity and the oppression of their rulers. They do not withhold the Zakah of their wealth, but rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals, no rain would fall on them. They do not break their covenant with Allah and His Messenger, but Allah will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to the Book of Allah and seek all good from that which Allah has revealed, Allah will cause them to fight one another.’”


Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, Book of Tribulations, Hadith 4019

Sexual immorality (or "abomination") was nothing new in the 7th century. The Old Testament mentions a story of a city where all people were homosexuals who wanted to rape angels, but Lot offered them his daughters instead:

He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom—both young and old—surrounded the house. They called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them.” Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him and said, “No, my friends. Don’t do this wicked thing. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them.


The Bible, Genesis 19:3-8

In the New Testament Jesus spoke to a woman who had many sexual partners:

“Go and get your husband,” Jesus told her.

“I don’t have a husband,” the woman replied.

Jesus said, “You’re right! You don’t have a husband— for you have had five husbands, and you aren’t even married to the man you’re living with now. You certainly spoke the truth!”


The Bible, John 4:16-18

Although Islamic apologists try to portray "abominations" in today's world as some shocking new events that were predicted by Muhammad, these "abominations" happened long before Muhammad was born. There were also abominations happening in Muhammad's time:

Narrated `Aisha:

that the Prophet (ﷺ) married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. Hisham said: I have been informed that `Aisha remained with the Prophet (ﷺ) for nine years (i.e. till his death).


Sexual perversions were nothing new for Muhammad.

And the plagues and diseases that are supposed to be punishments for the immoralities also happened throughout whole history. Plagues (pestilences) were already predicted in the Bible, hundereds of years before Muhammad:

When you hear of wars and uprisings, do not be frightened. These things must happen first, but the end will not come right away.”

Then he said to them: “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be great earthquakes, famines and pestilences in various places, and fearful events and great signs from heaven.


Luke 21:9-11

Muhammad didn't bring anything new. And the prophecy is unverifiable / unfalsifiable. Because if sexually moral people get disease, then apologists can say "it's a test". And if sexually immoral people don't get disease, apologists can say "Allah is postponing the punishment to afterlife".

"Women naked, but dressed" (wearing revealing clothes)

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) having said this:

Two are the types of the denizens of Hell whom I did not see: people having flogs like the tails of the ox with them and they would be beating people, and the women who would be dressed but appear to be naked, who would be inclined (to evil) and make their husbands incline towards it. Their heads would be like the humps of the bukht camel inclined to one side. They will not enter Paradise and they would not smell its odour whereas its odour would be smelt from such and such distance.


Some apologists present it as something new that happens in the 21st century and Muhamamd couldn't have guessed it.

This hadeeth is one of the miracles of Prophethood, for these two types of people have appeared, and they exist now, as al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said.


islamqa.info: Commentary on the hadeeth; “two types of the people of Hell whom I have not seen…” [1]

Al-Nawawi lived in the 13th century. So for hundreds of years, Islamic scholars keep saying that this is "exactly what happens now" as if women dressed attractively appeared for the first time in history.

Immodestly dressed women were already mentioned in the Old Testament, a thousand years before Muhammad:

I noticed among the young men, a youth who had no sense. He was going down the street near her corner, walking along in the direction of her house at twilight, as the day was fading, as the dark of night set in. Then out came a woman to meet him, dressed like a prostitute and with crafty intent. (She is unruly and defiant, her feet never stay at home; now in the street, now in the squares, at every corner she lurks.) she took hold of him and kissed him and with a brazen face she said: “Today I fulfilled my vows, and I have food from my fellowship offering at home. So I came out to meet you; I looked for you and have found you! I have covered my bed with colored linens from Egypt. I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes and cinnamon. Come, let’s drink deeply of love till morning; let’s enjoy ourselves with love!


The Bible (NIV), Proverbs 7:7-18

"Men obey their wives"

The hadith is daif, but some apologists present it as if it was sahih:

Ali bin Abi Talib narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said: "When my Ummah does fifteen things, the afflictions will occur in it." It was said: "What are they O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "When Al-Maghnam (the spoils of war) are distributed (preferentially), trust is usurped, Zakah is a fine, a man obeys his wife and disobeys his mother, he is kind to his friend and abandons his father, voices are raised in the Masajid, the leader of the people is the most despicable among them, the most honored man is the one whose evil the people are afraid of, intoxicants are drunk, silk is worn (by males), there is a fascination for singing slave-girls and music, and the end of this Ummah curses its beginning. When that occurs, anticipate a red wind, collapsing of the earth, and transformation."


Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2210 (daif)

It was mentioned among negative things, that indicates that a woman being dominant in marriage is an evil thing. But not everyone at that time was as patriarchal:

Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas: ...We, the people of Quraish, used to have authority over women, but when we came to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that she should answer me back....

So it was nothing new.

"Cheating in weights (scales)"

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ turned to us and said: ‘O Muhajirun, there are five things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with Allah lest you live to see them: Immorality never appears among a people to such an extent that they commit it openly, but plagues and diseases that were never known among the predecessors will spread among them. They do not cheat in weights and measures but they will be stricken with famine, severe calamity and the oppression of their rulers. They do not withhold the Zakah of their wealth, but rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals, no rain would fall on them. They do not break their covenant with Allah and His Messenger, but Allah will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to the Book of Allah and seek all good from that which Allah has revealed, Allah will cause them to fight one another.’”


Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, Book of Tribulations, Hadith 4019

Cheating in weights is not a prediction of the future. It happened thousands of years before Islam and was mentioned as being prevalent even in the Old Testament:

Then the Lord said to me, “The end has come for My people Israel. I will spare them no longer. The songs of the palace will turn to wailing in that day,” declares the Lord God. “Many will be the corpses; in every place they will cast them forth in silence.” Hear this, you who trample the needy, to do away with the humble of the land, saying: “When will the new moon be over, So that we may sell grain, And the sabbath, that we may open the wheat market, To make the bushel smaller and the shekel bigger, And to cheat with dishonest scales


The Bible (NASB), Amos 8:2-6

And famines that are supposedly a punishment for the cheating also happened throughout whole history.

"Making money unlawfully"

Narrated Abu Hurairah (ra): The Prophet (ﷺ) said "Certainly a time will come when people will not bother to know from where they earned the money, by lawful means or unlawful means."


Making money unlawfully was nothing new for Muhammad:

Then the apostle heard that Abu Sufyan b. Harb was coming from Syria with a large caravan of Quraysh, containing their money and merchandise, accompanied by some thirty or forty men." Mohammad said, "This is the Quraysh caravan containing their property, Go out to attack it, perhaps God will give it as prey,


Sirat Rasul Allah 428, Tabari VII:29

"Usury" (riba)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ يَأْتِي عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ يَأْكُلُونَ فِيهِ الرِّبَا قِيلَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ قَالَ مَنْ لَمْ يَأْكُلْهُ مِنْهُمْ نَالَهُ مِنْ غُبَارِهِ

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “A time will come upon people in which they will consume usury.” It was said, “All of the people?” The Prophet said, “Whoever does not consume it will be affected by its dust.”


Musnad Aḥmad 10191

Usury (riba) was already widespread in the period before Islam, which Muslims call "jahilya":

Riba al-Jahiliyah means “the riba used during the age of ignorance and paganism.” It is also called riba al-nassee'aa (the riba that is constrained by a time limit and is time dependent). This type of riba was widely practiced by the pagan Arabs at the advent of Islam.


Widespread usury always affects whole economy. For example if someone has to pay big debts, he won't be able to buy as much. That will cause a seller to sell less, even though the seller himself is not indulging in usury.

"Killing" [pointless killing]

Narrated `Abdullah and Abu Musa:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Near the establishment of the Hour there will be days during which Religious ignorance will spread, knowledge will be taken away (vanish) and there will be much Al-Harj, and Al- Harj means killing."


Killing was happening long before Islam. We can read in the Old Testament many texts about mass killing. For example:

Now go and smite Amalek and utterly destroy all they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.


The Bible (AMPC), 1 Samuel 15:3

Pointless killing was also happening during Muhammad's time with Muhammad's approval:

Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka`b b. Asad their chief. There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900.


Ibn Ishaq: Sirat Rasul Allah

"I have been given Persia"

"I have been given Persia" is a euphemism for "Muslims will attack Persia and force my religion upon the Persians".

أنبأ محمد بن عبد الأعلى قال حدثنا معتمر قال سمعت عوفا قال سمعت ميمونا يحدث عن البراء بن عازب قال : لما أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أن يحفر الخندق عرض لنا فيه حجر لا يأخذ فيه المعول فاشتكينا ذلك إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فجاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فألقى ثوبه وأخذ المعول وقال بسم الله فضرب ضربة فكسر ثلث الصخرة قال الله أكبر أعطيت مفاتيح الشام والله إني لأبصر قصورها الحمر الآن من مكاني هذا قال ثم ضرب أخرى وقال بسم الله وكسر ثلثا آخر وقال الله أكبر أعطيت مفاتيح فارس والله إني لأبصر قصر المدائن الأبيض الآن ثم ضرب ثالثة وقال بسم الله فقطع الحجر قال الله أكبر أعطيت مفاتيح اليمن والله إني لأبصر باب صنعاء

Al-Bara said: On the Day of Al-Khandaq (the trench) there stood out a rock too immune for our spades to break up. We therefore went to see God’s Messenger for advice. He took the spade, and said: “In the Name of God” Then he struck it saying: “God is Most Great, I have been given the keys of Ash-Sham (Greater Syria). By God, I can see its red palaces at the moment;” on the second strike he said: “God is Most Great, I have been given Persia. By God, I can now see the white palace of Madain;” and for the third time he struck the rock saying: “In the Name of God,” shattering the rest of the rock, and he said: “God is Most Great, I have been given the keys of Yemen. By God, I can see the gates of San’a while I am in my place.”


Al-Nasa'i, Sunan al Kubra 8858

The bloody conquest happened around the year 650. Earliest hadith collection Muwatta Imam Malik (which doesn't even contain this hadith) was written around the year 750 and the hadith collection sunan al-Kubra which contains the hadith was written around the year 850. So it took Muslims hundreds of years after the conquest until they finally "remembered" that Muhammad predicted it.

And it wouldn't be a hard prediction, because Muhammad already conquered Arabia, urged his followers to conquer more and Persia was close. And although apologists like to portray Persia as unbeatable superpower, Persia was already conquered a thousand years before by Alexander the Great. And at the time of Muhammad Persia was exhausted by wars with Romans which lasted from 54 BC to 628 AD (681 years).

Rejection of hadiths

Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'dikarib:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Beware! I have been given the Qur'an and something like it, yet the time is coming when a man replete on his couch will say: Keep to the Qur'an; what you find in it to be permissible treat as permissible, and what you find in it to be prohibited treat as prohibited. Beware! The domestic ass, beasts of prey with fangs, a find belonging to confederate, unless its owner does not want it, are not permissible to you If anyone comes to some people, they must entertain him, but if they do not, he has a right to mulct them to an amount equivalent to his entertainment.


Sunan Abi Dawud 4604 / Book 41, Hadith 4587 / Book 42, Hadith 9

The idea that only the Quran is the word of god and Muhamamad is just a man and therefore he might be wrong was nothing new during the time of Muhammad. The idea existed during is life:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

I used to write everything which I heard from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). I intended (by it) to memorise it. The Quraysh prohibited me saying: Do you write everything that you hear from him while the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) is a human being: he speaks in anger and pleasure? So I stopped writing, and mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He signalled with his finger to him mouth and said: Write, by Him in Whose hand my soul lies, only right comes out from it.


Reference: Sunan Abi Dawud 3646, In-book reference: Book 26, Hadith 6, English translation: Book 25, Hadith 3639

Although Muhammad didn't agree that he might be wrong, the opinion existed, so it was easy to "predict".

"The pen will spread"

عَنْ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ السَّاعَةِ تَسْلِيمُ الْخَاصَّةِ وَفُشُوُّ التِّجَارَةِ حَتَّى تُعِينَ الْمَرْأَةُ زَوْجَهَا عَلَى التِّجَارَةِ وَقَطْعُ الأَرْحَامِ وَفُشُوُّ الْقَلَمِ وَظُهُورُ الشَّهَادَةِ بِالزُّورِ وَكِتْمَانُ شَهَادَةِ الْحَقِّ

Ibn Mas’ud reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Just before the Hour, the greeting of peace will only be given to specific people, trade will proliferate to the point that a woman will help her husband in his business, family ties will be severed, the pen will spread, false testimony will prevail and truthful testimony will be concealed.”


al-Adab al-Mufrad 1035 (sahih)

"The pen (القلم) will spread" is a vague statement. Is it the pen or "the Pen"? There is the Pen that Allah created first and which writes the future:

“I arrived in Makkah and met Ata bin Abi Rabah. I said: ‘O Abu Muhammad! Some people with us speak about Al-Qadar.’ Ata said: ‘I met Al-Walid bin Ubadah bin As-Samit and he said: “My father narrated to me, he said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: “Verily the first of what Allah created was the Pen (القلم). He said to it: “Write.” So it wrote what will be forever.’”


Tirmidhi: Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3319 (sahih)

There is also the Pen that writes deeds:

Narrated 'Aishah (RA): The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "There are three people whose actions are not recorded ( رُفِعَ اَلْقَلَمُ عَنْ ثَلَاثَةٍ, literally "is lifted the pen from three"), a sleeping person till he awakes, a child till he is a grown up, and an insane person till he is restored to reason or recovers his sense." [Reported by Ahmad and al-Arba'a, except at-Tirmidhi. al-Hakim graded it Sahih (authentic)].


Bulugh al Maram: Book 8, Hadith 1096

Narrated Abu Salamah: It was narrated from Abu Salamah that Abu Hurairah said: "I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, I am a young man and I fear hardship for myself, but I cannot afford to marry; should I castrate myself?'" The Prophet turned away from him until he said it three times. Then the Prophet said: "O Abu Hurairah, the pen is dried concerning what you are going to face, so (it is up to you whether) you castrate yourself or not." Abu Abdur-Rahman (An-Nasai) said: Al-Awzai did not hear this narration from Az-Zuhri, and this hadith is sahih, Yunus reported it from Az-Zuhri.


al-nasa'i: Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3217 (sahih)

If it means "a pen", the tool for writing, then the pen is actually used less and less and is replaced by usage of keyboards. Then it would be a false prophecy.

But apologists like to say that "the pen" is a metaphor for "literacy". And literacy was already increasing before Muhammad was born. Jews and Christians first used oral traditions, but then switched to writing. The trend was already there.

  • And notice that the prophecy was written by people who were writing hadiths from oral traditions.

"Family ties will be severed"

Ibn Mas’ud reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Just before the Hour, the greeting of peace will only be given to specific people, trade will proliferate to the point that a woman will help her husband in his business, family ties will be severed (وَقَطْعُ الأَرْحَامِ), the pen will spread, false testimony will prevail and truthful testimony will be concealed.”


al-Adab al-Mufrad 1035 (sahih)

Absolutely nothing new. Even in Islam, Muslims believe that among the first people were brothers Cain and Abel and Cain killed Abel. According to Islam it already happened at the beginning of humanity.

There is also hadith where Muhammad encourages people to keep the ties of kinship, which indicates they weren't doing it enough in his time:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: "Learn enough about your lineage to facilitate keeping your ties of kinship (تَصِلُونَ بِهِ أَرْحَامَكُمْ). For indeed keeping the ties of kinship encourages affection among the relatives, increases the wealth, and increases the lifespan."


Tirmidhi: Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 1979 (hasan)

Killing of family members was also approved by Muhammad:

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: A blind man had a slave-mother who used to abuse the Prophet (peace be upon him) and disparage him. He forbade her but she did not stop. He rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. One night she began to slander the Prophet (peace be upon him) and abuse him. So he took a dagger, placed it on her belly, pressed it, and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was informed about it.

He assembled the people and said: I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should stand up. Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling the man stood up.

He sat before the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am her master; she used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not abandon her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her.

Thereupon the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Oh be witness, no retaliation is payable for her blood.

"Ignorance"

Narrated `Abdullah and Abu Musa:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Near the establishment of the Hour there will be days during which Religious ignorance will spread, knowledge will be taken away (vanish) and there will be much Al-Harj, and Al- Harj means killing."
  • In Islam, the period before Muhammad's career is called jahilya (ignorance). So even according to Islam, this already happened before Islam.
  • The hadith says only jahl, which is just "ignorance", but in context of Islam, when Muhammad says "knowledge" it means "knowledge of Muhamamd's claims and commands" and when Islam says "ignorance" it means "ignorance of Muhammad's claims and commands"
  • Muhammad probably noticed that Jews don't fully follow the law of Moses, so he could predict that Muslims won't follow his laws based on this experience.

"Building tall buildings"

..and when you see barefoot, naked, destitute shepherds competing in constructing tall buildings


  • There are currently people who compete in constructing tall skyscrapers (as apologists like to point out), but we don't see barefoot, naked destitute shepherds building them.
  • The Bible contained a story of the Tower of Babel, Egyptians built pyramids long before Islam.. So the desire to build tall buildings was nothing new.

And the hadith doesn't say skyscrapers, it only says "tall" and "tall" is relative. There might have been people in the 7th century building buildings that could be considered tall in that time. Medieval Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar wrote in his commentary on Sahih Bukhari:

يتطاول الناس في البنيان وهي من العلامات التي وقعت عن قرب في زمن النبوة

"The people are [competing in] building tall buildings" - and that's from the signs which happened close at the time of the prophethood


Ibn Hajar: Fatḥ al-Bārī fī Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī

"Breaking the convenant with god makes enemies overpower them"

... They do not break their covenant with Allah and His Messenger, but Allah will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to the Book of Allah and seek all good from that which Allah has revealed, Allah will cause them to fight one another.’”


Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, Book of Tribulations, Hadith 4019

This was nothing new in the 7th century. It's an old Jewish tradition. It was mentioned in the Old Testament, more than a thousand years before Muhammad.

Punishment for Disobedience

“‘But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these commands, and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant, then I will do this to you: I will bring on you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and sap your strength. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it. I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you.


The Bible (NIV), Leviticus 26:14-17

And the prophecy is unfalsifiable. If believers did follow god's laws and were overpowered by their enemies anyway, they could say that "it's a test". And if they didn't follow god's laws, but weren't overpowered by their enemies as a punishment, it might be because god is letting them be misguided, but is planning to punish them in the afterlife.

A man passes by a grave and wants to be dead too

وَحَتَّى يَمُرَّ الرَّجُلُ بِقَبْرِ الرَّجُلِ فَيَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي مَكَانَهُ

... till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, 'Would that I were in his place...


A desire to be dead was nothing new in the 7th century. The Old Testament already mentioned it:

"Therefore now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for death is better to me than life."


The Bible (NASB), Jonah 4:3

"The leader of a people will be the worst of them"

Apologists who mention this prophecy usually hide the fact that the hadith is weak (daif).

Ali bin Abi Talib narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said: "When my Ummah does fifteen things, the afflictions will occur in it." It was said: "What are they O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "When Al-Maghnam (the spoils of war) are distributed (preferentially), trust is usurped, Zakah is a fine, a man obeys his wife and disobeys his mother, he is kind to his friend and abandons his father, voices are raised in the Masajid, the leader of the people is the most despicable among them, the most honored man is the one whose evil the people are afraid of, intoxicants are drunk, silk is worn (by males), there is a fascination for singing slave-girls and music, and the end of this Ummah curses its beginning. When that occurs, anticipate a red wind, collapsing of the earth, and transformation."


Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2210 (daif)

It was nothing new that the leader of a people can be more evil than them. And it already happened during the time of Muhammad:

Abu Said al-Khudri said: "The apostle of Allah sent a military expedition to Awtas on the occasion of the battle of Hunain. They met their enemy and fought with them. They defeated them and took them captives. Some of the Companions of the apostle of Allah were reluctant to have intercourse with the female captives because of their pagan husbands. So Allah, the Exalted, sent down the Quranic verse, "And all married women (are forbidden) unto you save those (captives) whom your right hands possess". That is to say, they are lawful for them when they complete their waiting period." [The Quran verse is 4:24]

The men were morally reluctant to rape married women, but their leader (Muhammad) "revealed" to them that it's ok.

Predictions of the future after the hadiths

In this category are hadiths that don't talk about what already happened before the prophecies were written.

Predictions of opposites from the usual

This is a special category, because it doesn't seem to be a prediction, but rather a statement that the opposite of what was considered granted at that time will happen. For example mountains were considered solid (not moving), so a prophecy says that mountains will be moving. These predictions could be made mechanically just by saying the opposite of what currently happens. So even if they somehow came true, there would still be an alternative explanation for how the prophecy was made.

"Mountains will move"

This hadith is da'eef (thanks to Ufayr bin Ma'daan in the chain), but some Islamic apologists still like to use it and present it as if it was sahih:

لا تقومُ الساعةُ حتى تزولَ الجبالُ عن أماكِنِها وتَرَوْنَ الأمورَ العظامَ التي لم تَكُونوا تَرَوْنَها

The Hour will not begin until the mountains are moved from their places and you see great calamities which you have never seen before.


Mu'jam at-Tabaraani vol 7, n. 6857

Mountains were considered as not moving, so a prophecy could be make simply by saying that the opposite of what usually happens will happen.

"The land of Arabia reverts to meadows and rivers"

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (way peace be upon him) as saying:

The Last Hour will not come before wealth becomes abundant and overflowing, so much so that a man takes Zakat out of his property and cannot find anyone to accept it from him and till the land of Arabia reverts to meadows and rivers.


There were deserts. The opposite of deserts is meadows and rivers.

Predictions that didn't come true

In this category are predictions that didn't come true. Some of them (like coming of the Dajjal) are not falsifiable, since they could still happen in the future. While others couldn't happen even in the future.

Coming of Muhammad and the Hour are close like the forefinger and middle finger

Anas reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

I and the Last Hour have been sent like this and (he while doing it) joined the forefinger with the middle finger.


Muhammad died 14 centuries ago and the Hour didn't come.

A 7th century boy won't grow very old before the Hour comes

وَحَدَّثَنِي حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ زَيْدٍ - حَدَّثَنَا مَعْبَدُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ الْعَنَزِيُّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ مَتَى تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ قَالَ فَسَكَتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم هُنَيْهَةً ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَى غُلاَمٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنْ أَزْدِ شَنُوءَةَ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنْ عُمِّرَ هَذَا لَمْ يُدْرِكْهُ الْهَرَمُ حَتَّى تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قَالَ أَنَسٌ ذَاكَ الْغُلاَمُ مِنْ أَتْرَابِي يَوْمَئِذٍ ‏.‏

Anas b. Malik reported that a person asked Allah's Apostle (ﷺ):

When would the Last Hour come? Thereupon Allah's Messenger (way peace be upon him) kept quiet for a while. Then looked at a young boy in his presence belonging to the tribe of Azd Shanu'a and he said: If this boy lives he would not grow very old till the Last Hour would come to you. Anas said that this young boy was of our age during those days.


The "to you" was added by the translators to indicate that it is the last hour (death) of the people who asked, but it's not in Arabic.

The boy died 14 hundred years ago and the Hour didn't come.

"Nobody will live one hundred years from now"

Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar:

Once the Prophet (ﷺ) led us in the `Isha' prayer during the last days of his life and after finishing it (the prayer) (with Taslim) he said: "Do you realize (the importance of) this night?" Nobody present on the surface of the earth tonight will be living after the completion of one hundred years from this night."


One hundred years from his prayer passed and all organisms didn't die.

"Rising of the Sun from its setting place"

We were sitting in the shade of the chamber of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) discussing (something) and when we mentioned the last hour, our voices rose high. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The last hour will not come or happen until there appear ten signs before it : the rising of the sun in its place of setting, the coming forth of the beast, the coming forth of Gog and Magog, the Dajjal (Antichrist), (the descent of) Jesus son of Mary, the smoke, and three collapses of the earth: one in the west, one in the east, and one in the Arabian Peninsula. The last of that will be the emergence of a fire from Yemen, from the lowest part of Aden, and drive mankind to their place of assembly.


This prophecy is definitely wrong, because it assumes that the Sun moves around the Earth (which was a common misconception among 7th century primitive people).

Stones and trees say to Muslims: "here is a Jew behind me; come and kill him"

The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.


Book 41, Hadith 6985 aka Book 54, Hadith 105 or Sahih Muslim 2922

Stones and trees don't talk and psychologically healthy people would consider it a miracle if they talked. But for Muhammad it wasn't something special, he was "hearing" voices of non-living objects even before he started "hearing" the voice of god:

Jabir b. Samura reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: I recognise the stone in Mecca which used to pay me salutations before my advent as a Prophet and I recognise that even now.

"Time will pass more quickly"

لا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَتَقَارَبَ الزَّمَانُ ، فَتَكُونَ السَّنَةُ كَالشَّهْرِ ، وَيَكُونَ الشَّهْرُ كَالْجُمُعَةِ ، وَتَكُونَ الْجُمُعَةُ كَالْيَوْمِ ، وَيَكُونَ الْيَوْمُ كَالسَّاعَةِ ، وَتَكُونَ السَّاعَةُ كَاحْتِرَاقِ السَّعَفَةِ

The Hour will not begin until time passes quickly, so a year will be like a month, and a month will be like a week, and a week will be like a day, and a day will be like an hour, and an hour will be like the burning of a braid of palm leaves.


Musnad Ahmad 10560

Islamic scholars don't even know what the prophecy means:

The scholars differed concerning the meaning of the phrase taqaarub al-zamaan (time passing more quickly). There are many views, the strongest of which is:

That the phrase taqaarub al-zamaan (time passing quickly) may be interpreted literally or metaphorically.


Time is running by the speed of 1 hour per hour, 1 day per day, 1 month per month etc. So it's literally not happening.

"Nations will soon call each other to attack Muslims"

Muhammad predicted that "soon" (in 7th century) all nations will cooperate militarily against Muslims and Muslims will be weak because they're afraid to die (in battle):

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The people will soon summon one another to attack you as people when eating invite others to share their dish. Someone asked: Will that be because of our small numbers at that time? He replied: No, you will be numerous at that time: but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take fear of you from the breasts of your enemy and last enervation into your hearts. Someone asked: What is wahn (enervation). Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): He replied: Love of the world and dislike of death.


Reference: Sunan Abi Dawud 4297, In-book reference: Book 39, Hadith 7, English translation: Book 38, Hadith 4284

Actually "soon" after this prophecy, Muslims were militarily successful and conquered the middle east and North Africa. Eventually a military weakness came with the fall of the Ottoman empire, but that was more than a thousand years after Muhammad and not "soon".

And the prediction could be based simply on Muhamamd's declaration of war towards everyone who doesn't believe in his religion. It probably made sense to him that since he challenged all other nations to war, they would cooperate and attack him too.

"Rain which will destroy all dwellings except tents"

This hadith is sahih:

حدثنا عبد الله حدثني أبي ثنا أبو كامل وعفان قالا ثنا حماد عن سهيل قال عفان في حديثه قال أنا سهيل بن أبي صالح عن أبيه عن أبي هريرة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : لا تقوم الساعة حتى يمطر الناس مطرا لا تكن منه بيوت المدر ولا تكن منه الا بيوت الشعر تعليق شعيب الأرنؤوط : إسناده صحيح على شرط مسلم

The Hour will not come until there has been rain which will destroy all dwellings except tents


Musnad Ahmad 7554 (sahih)

So people who dwell in fallout shelters, submarines, cosmic ships.. their dwellings will be demolished by the rain. But tents will be strong enough to handle that rain?

Not living according to the sharia causes infighting between Muslims

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ turned to us and said: ‘O Muhajirun, there are five things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with Allah lest you live to see them: Immorality never appears among a people to such an extent that they commit it openly, but plagues and diseases that were never known among the predecessors will spread among them. They do not cheat in weights and measures but they will be stricken with famine, severe calamity and the oppression of their rulers. They do not withhold the Zakah of their wealth, but rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals, no rain would fall on them. They do not break their covenant with Allah and His Messenger, but Allah will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands. Unless their leaders rule according to the Book of Allah and seek all good from that which Allah has revealed, Allah will cause them to fight one another.’”


Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, Book of Tribulations, Hadith 4019

It's the opposite. Muslim infighting is usually caused by groups who follow their interpretation of the sharia, accuse other Muslims of not living according to the sharia and takfeering them. Maybe Muslims would live in peace if they weren't so obsessed with the sharia and fighting other Muslims who don't live according to it.

Wine, musical instruments and singing girls will turn Muslims into monkeys and pigs

It was narrated from Abu Malik Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “People among my nation will drink wine, calling it by another name, and musical instruments will be played for them and singing girls (will sing for them). Allah will cause the earth to swallow them up, and will turn them into monkeys and pigs.”


Reference: Sunan Ibn Majah 4020, In-book reference: Book 36, Hadith 95, English translation: Vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 4020

Although some Muslims drank wine, used musical instruments and listened to singing girls, they were never turned into monkeys and pigs.

Gender ratio will be 50 women to 1 men

Notice that the hadith assumes patriarchy and that more women than men is mentioned among negative things which indicates that existence of more woman than men is evil:

I will narrate to you a Hadith and none other than I will tell you about after it. I heard Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) saying: From among the portents of the Hour are (the following): -1. Religious knowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learned men). -2. Religious ignorance will prevail. -3. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. -4. Women will increase in number and men will decrease in number so much so that fifty women will be looked after by one man.


Vol. 1, Book 3, Hadith 81

There was never demographically a ratio of 50 women : 1 man.

"Dajjal nor plague will be able to enter Medina"

Anas narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said: "The Dajjal will come to Al-Madinah to find the angels have surrounded it. Neither the plague nor the Dajjal will enter it, if Allah wills."


Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 7, Hadith 2242 (sahih)

"Jesus will break the cross, kill the pigs and abolish Jizyah"

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "The Hour will not begin until 'Eisa bin Maryam comes down as a just judge and a just ruler. He will break the cross, kill the pigs and abolish the Jizyah, and wealth will become so abundant that no one will accept it."


Sunan ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 4078 (sahih)

"Gog and Magog will drink out the lake of Tiberias"

And then Allah would send Gog and Magog and they would swarm down from every slope. The first of them would pass the lake of Tiberias and drink out of it. And when the last of them would pass, he would say: There was once water there.


Gog and Magog are supposedly tribes on Earth blocked by a big wall and they will be unlocked at the end of times. There is supposedly so many of them that they will drink the lake of Tiberias (Sea of Galilee). Although the tribes supposedly have so many members, they were not found anywhere on Earth.

"Gog and Magog will successfully dig through the wall"

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "Gog and Magog people dig every day until, when they can almost see the rays of the sun, the one in charge of them says: "Go back and we will dig it tomorrow." Then Allah puts it back, stronger than it was before. (This will continue) until, when their time has come, and Allah wants to send them against the people, they will dig until they can almost see the rays of the sun, then the one who is in charge of them will say: "Go back, and we will dig it tomorrow if Allah wills.' So they will say: "If Allah wills." Then they will come back to it and it will be as they left it. So they will dig and will come out to the people, and they will drink all the water. The people will fortify themselves against them in their fortresses. They will shoot their arrows towards the sky and they will come back with blood on them, and they will say: "We have defeated the people of earth and dominated the people of heaven." Then Allah will send a worm in the napes of their necks and will kill them thereby.'" The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, the beasts of the earth will grow fat on their flesh."


Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 4080

We have the whole Earth mapped and there is no wall with Gog and Magog behind it.

"Muslims will use bows, arrows and shields of Gog and Magog as firewood for 7 years"

It was narrated from Nawwas bin Sam'an that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "The Muslims will use the bows, arrows and shields of Gog and Magog as firewood, for seven years.'"


Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol. 5, Book 36, Hadith 4076 (sahih)
  • Gog and Magog (which are nowehere to be found although we the whole Earth mapped) are so numerous that their bows, arrows and shields can be used for seven years as firewood.
  • Muhammad failed to predict modern technology and falsely thought that the technology of his time will be used until the end of times

Underwhelming predictions that came true

In this category are predictions that came true, but weren't hard to predict.

"You shall conquer Constantinople"

This hadith is considered da'eef by Albani, but sahih by Dhahabi:

لتفتحن القسطنطينية، فلنعم الأمير أميرها، ولنعم الجيش ذلك الجيش

Verily you shall conquer Constantinople. What a wonderful leader will her leader be, and what a wonderful army will that army be!


Musnad Ahmad 14:331

Muhammad himself was waging wars, so it was expected that Muslims after his death would continue conquering. Muhammad conquered Arabia and Constantinople wasn't that far away. This wasn't a hard prediction. Also it's not time-specific. So even if it didn't happen, Muslims could still think it would happen in the future.

There are other (sahih) narrations which link the conquest closely to the Hour:

Anas bin Malik said: "Constantinople will be conquered with the coming of the Hour."


Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 7, Hadith 2239

Constantinople was conquered and the Hour didn't come with it. Some Muslims today believe that the prediction doesn't refer to the conquest of Constantinople in the 15th century, but to a conquest that will happen when the mahdi comes. The hadith doesn't seem to say that.

Overwhelming predictions that came true

In this category are supposed to be detailed, accurate, verifiable, fulfilled predictions of the future that would be hard to predict in the time they were written. This category is empty.

See also

References