Difference between revisions of "Hadith (definition)"

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==Definition==
 
==Definition==
  
The '''Hadith''' (الحديث ahadith, plural) are traditions of [[Muhammad]], giving us important information about him and his life. They are usually narrations about a certain incident in which he said or did something. Unlike the [[Qur'an]], they typically follow a chronological order, and most of them are compiled by category (i.e. [[Jihad]], [[Nikah]], etc.).
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The '''Hadith''' (الحديث ahadith, plural) are traditions of the Islamic Prophet [[Muhammad]], giving us important information about him and his life. They are usually narrations about a certain incident in which he said or did something. Unlike the [[Qur'an]], they typically follow a chronological order, and most of them are compiled by category (i.e. [[Jihad]], [[Nikah]], etc.).
  
 
The Hadith is where Muslims determine the [[Sunnah]] (or ''way''‎) of the prophet, which is Muhammad's words, actions, and practices.  This is key to [[Islam]] since Muslims are commanded to obey and [[Uswa Hasana|emulate him]], so even the most insignificant of actions on his part have a drastic effect upon the doctrines and [[Islamic Law|laws]] of Islam.
 
The Hadith is where Muslims determine the [[Sunnah]] (or ''way''‎) of the prophet, which is Muhammad's words, actions, and practices.  This is key to [[Islam]] since Muslims are commanded to obey and [[Uswa Hasana|emulate him]], so even the most insignificant of actions on his part have a drastic effect upon the doctrines and [[Islamic Law|laws]] of Islam.
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==Sunni==
 
==Sunni==
  
The word '[[Sunni]]' comes from the word 'Sunnah', and most of the world's Muslims (up to 90%)<ref name="rl"></ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/295507/Islam Islām] - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)</ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/574006/Sunnite Sunnite] - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)</ref><ref name="pew">[http://pewforum.org/Muslim/Mapping-the-Global-Muslim-Population%286%29.aspx Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population] - Pew Research Center, October 7, 2009</ref><ref name="pew2">Tracy Miller - [http://pewforum.org/newassets/images/reports/Muslimpopulation/Muslimpopulation.pdf Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population] - Pew Research Center, October 2009</ref> follow this Sunni form of Islam.  There are certain Hadith considered by most Sunnis to be trustworthy and these are commonly known as the ''Authentic Six''.  Only two of them are actually labeled as authentic ([[sahih]]), and they are Bukhari and Muslim. These collections are second only to the Qur'an in authority. The others are from Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, and Ibn Majah. In strength, Malik's Muwatta' is placed just below the two Sahihs, but is not generally included among the six.<ref>[http://www.abc.se/~m9783/n/vih_e.html Various Issues About Hadiths] - by Sh. G. F. Haddad</ref>
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The word '[[Sunni]]' comes from the word 'Sunnah', and most of the world's Muslims (up to 90%)<ref name="rl"></ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/295507/Islam Islām] - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)</ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/574006/Sunnite Sunnite] - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)</ref><ref name="pew">[http://pewforum.org/Muslim/Mapping-the-Global-Muslim-Population%286%29.aspx Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population] - Pew Research Center, October 7, 2009</ref><ref name="pew2">Tracy Miller - [http://pewforum.org/newassets/images/reports/Muslimpopulation/Muslimpopulation.pdf Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population] - Pew Research Center, October 2009</ref> follow this Sunni form of Islam.  There are certain Hadith considered by most Sunnis to be trustworthy and these are commonly known as the ''Authentic Six''.  Only two of them are actually labeled as authentic ([[sahih]]), and they are [[Sahih Bukhari|Bukhari]] and Muslim. These collections are second only to the Qur'an in authority. The others are from Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, and Ibn Majah. In strength, Malik's Muwatta' is placed just below the two Sahihs, but is not generally included among the six.<ref>[http://www.abc.se/~m9783/n/vih_e.html Various Issues About Hadiths] - by Sh. G. F. Haddad</ref>
  
 
===Online Hadith (English Translations)===
 
===Online Hadith (English Translations)===
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==Shi'ite==
 
==Shi'ite==
  
In [[Shi'ite]] Islam (approx 10-20% of the world's Muslim population)<ref name="rl">[http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/comparison_charts/islamic_sects.htm Comparison of Sunni and Shia Islam] - ReligionFacts</ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/540503/Shiite Shīʿite] - Encyclopædia Britannica Online (2010)</ref><ref name="pew"></ref><ref name="pew2"></ref> they have their own collections and are more particular in regards to the Hadith narrations they will accept. If a narrator was not a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (Muhammad's household) or one of their supporters, then the narration is typically rejected.  For example, they reject narrations from Abu Huraira. Al-Kafi is the most reliable Shi'ite hadith.<ref>[http://www.ahya.org/amm/modules.php?name=Sections&op=viewarticle&artid=72 Al Kafi - The Bukhari of Shi'ism] - AHYA</ref>
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In [[Shiite|Shi'ite]] Islam (approx 10-20% of the world's Muslim population)<ref name="rl">[http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/comparison_charts/islamic_sects.htm Comparison of Sunni and Shia Islam] - ReligionFacts</ref><ref>[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/540503/Shiite Shīʿite] - Encyclopædia Britannica Online (2010)</ref><ref name="pew"></ref><ref name="pew2"></ref> they have their own collections and are more particular in regards to the Hadith narrations they will accept. If a narrator was not a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (Muhammad's household) or one of their supporters, then the narration is typically rejected.  For example, they reject narrations from Abu Huraira. Al-Kafi is the most reliable Shi'ite hadith.<ref>[http://www.ahya.org/amm/modules.php?name=Sections&op=viewarticle&artid=72 Al Kafi - The Bukhari of Shi'ism] - AHYA</ref>
  
 
==Qur'anist (Submitters, Reformists, etc.)==
 
==Qur'anist (Submitters, Reformists, etc.)==
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{{Core Scripture}}
 
{{Core Scripture}}
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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* [[Sahih Bukhari]]
  
 
{{Hub4|Hadith|Hadith}}
 
{{Hub4|Hadith|Hadith}}

Latest revision as of 14:30, 20 December 2016

Random Quotes from the Hadith Book icon.png
"The Prophet gives permission to beat women"

"Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab: Iyas ibn Abdullah ibn AbuDhubab reported the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying: Do not beat Allah's handmaidens, but when Umar came to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: Women have become emboldened towards their husbands, he (the Prophet) gave permission to beat them." - Sunan Abu Dawud 11:2141 (read more)

Definition

The Hadith (الحديث ahadith, plural) are traditions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, giving us important information about him and his life. They are usually narrations about a certain incident in which he said or did something. Unlike the Qur'an, they typically follow a chronological order, and most of them are compiled by category (i.e. Jihad, Nikah, etc.).

The Hadith is where Muslims determine the Sunnah (or way‎) of the prophet, which is Muhammad's words, actions, and practices. This is key to Islam since Muslims are commanded to obey and emulate him, so even the most insignificant of actions on his part have a drastic effect upon the doctrines and laws of Islam.

He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah: But if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds).
Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That giveth both life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided."

Sunni

The word 'Sunni' comes from the word 'Sunnah', and most of the world's Muslims (up to 90%)[1][2][3][4][5] follow this Sunni form of Islam. There are certain Hadith considered by most Sunnis to be trustworthy and these are commonly known as the Authentic Six. Only two of them are actually labeled as authentic (sahih), and they are Bukhari and Muslim. These collections are second only to the Qur'an in authority. The others are from Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, and Ibn Majah. In strength, Malik's Muwatta' is placed just below the two Sahihs, but is not generally included among the six.[6]

Online Hadith (English Translations)

Shi'ite

In Shi'ite Islam (approx 10-20% of the world's Muslim population)[1][7][4][5] they have their own collections and are more particular in regards to the Hadith narrations they will accept. If a narrator was not a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (Muhammad's household) or one of their supporters, then the narration is typically rejected. For example, they reject narrations from Abu Huraira. Al-Kafi is the most reliable Shi'ite hadith.[8]

Qur'anist (Submitters, Reformists, etc.)

This minority group rejects the Hadith altogether and are classed as heretics by mainstream Islam. This "Qur'an-only" approach to the Islamic faith is not without its problems.

This page is featured in the core article, Islam and Scripture which serves as a starting point for anyone wishing to learn more about this topic Core part.png

See Also

  • Hadith - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Hadith

Downloads

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Comparison of Sunni and Shia Islam - ReligionFacts
  2. Islām - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)
  3. Sunnite - Encyclopædia Britannica (2010)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population - Pew Research Center, October 7, 2009
  5. 5.0 5.1 Tracy Miller - Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population - Pew Research Center, October 2009
  6. Various Issues About Hadiths - by Sh. G. F. Haddad
  7. Shīʿite - Encyclopædia Britannica Online (2010)
  8. Al Kafi - The Bukhari of Shi'ism - AHYA