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Ahmadiyya (sometimes referred to as Qadiani) is a religious movement founded towards the end of the 19th century in Punjab, British India. Central to the Ahmadiyya is the belief in Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder, as the Promised Messiah and Mahdi (the apocalyptic leader who Islamic scriptures say will bring peace and the final, global dominion of Islam).
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
Ghulam Ahmad was a religious figure who claimed to have fulfilled the prophecies about the world reformer of the end times, who was to herald the Eschaton as predicted in the traditions of various world religions and bring about the final triumph of Islam as per Islamic prophecy. He claimed that he was the Mujaddid (divine reformer) of the 14th Islamic century.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad died of diarrhea in Lahore on the 26th of May, 1908. There are numerous unflattering accounts which claim he died in a public toilet.
Persecution, censorship, and excommunication (takfeer)
Orthodox followers of Islam do not consider the Ahmadis to be Muslims, due to their beliefs, as with the beliefs of the Baha'is and Qur'anists, differing vastly from those of mainstream Islam. This has lead to the widespread persecution and killing of Ahmadis around the world.
At the 1974 annual World Muslim League conference held in Mecca and attended by 140 delegations of Muslim countries and organizations from all over the world, it was unanimously agreed that the Ahmadiyya are "a subversive movement against Islam and the Muslim world, which falsely and deceitfully claims to be an Islamic sect; who under the guise of Islam and for the sake of mundane interests contrives and plans to damage the very foundations of Islam." This act of excommunicating a person or group who alleges to be Muslim is called takfeer.
The sale, publication and distribution of Ahmadiyya literiture has also been banned in Bangladesh, the Muslim Council of Britain have stated that members of the Ahmadiyya faith are "outside the fold of Islam", they have been banned from practicing their religion publicly in Indonesia's East Java, West Java, and South Sulawesi provinces, and Pakistan has officially declared them to be non-Muslims.
Following and proselytization
Whilst Ahmadiyya media often claims that the sect has 200 million adherents worldwide, studies show that Ahmadiyya faith likely has only around 10 million adherents.
Ahmadiyyas lead many dedicated missionary efforts in nations in South Asia, West Africa, East Africa, and Indonesia, and are similarly well organized in Western contexts.
- "Ahmadiyya Muslim Community: An overview". Al Islam. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Was Hazrat Mirza Sahib's Death, God Forbid, Accursed? - Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
- Who are the Ahmadi? - BBC News, May 28, 2010
- 1974 Declaration by World Muslim League (Rabita al-Alam al-Islami) - Mohammad Bashir, 25th August 2000
- Omar Oakes - Preaching hate on our streets - Surrey Comet, August 27 - September 2, 2010
- Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens - Incitement to Murder Muslims in Surrey - Standpoint, September 1, 2010
- BANGLADESH: State Inaction Encourages anti-Ahmadiyya Islamists - The South Asia Analysis Group, February 14, 2005
- Indonesia: New ban imposed on Ahmadiyah Islamic sect - AKI, March 3, 2011
- Khan, Naveeda. "Trespasses of the State: Ministering to Theological Dilemmas through the Copyright/Trademark". Sarai Reader 2005: Bare Acts. p. 184.
- "It is incumbent upon us that we should not regard non-Ahmadis as Muslims, nor should we offer prayers behind them, because according to our belief they deny one of the messengers of Allah. This is a matter of faith. None has any discretion in this." - Mirza Mahmud Ahmad Qadiani, Anwar-e-Khilafat, Pg. 90
- Religious Bodies of the World with at Least 1 Million Adherents - Adherents.com, accessed March 4, 2011