Armenian Genocide

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The Armenian Genocide[1] was the systematic killing of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire during and just after World War I.[2] The total number of resulting Armenian deaths is generally held to have been between 1 million and 1.5 million.[3][4][5][6][7]

It is widely acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides,[8][9][10] as scholars point to the organized manner in which the killings were carried out to eliminate the Armenians,[11] and it is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust.[12]

The word genocide[13] was first coined in 1943 by Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959), a Polish-Jewish legal scholar, in order to describe these events which the Turkish government perpetrated against the Armenian people.[14][15]

The Germans were allies of the Turks in World War I and numerous German officers held important military assignments in the Ottoman Empire. Some among them condoned the Young Turk policy.[16]

Inspired by these events, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, while persuading his associates that a Jewish holocaust would be tolerated by the West, stated, "Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?"[17]

See Also[edit]

  • Genocide - A hub page that leads to other articles related to Genocide

External Links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. "That this assembly of the Association of Genocide Scholars in its conference held in Montreal, June 11–3, 1997, reaffirms that the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey in 1915 is a case of genocide which conforms to the statutes of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide. It further condemns the denial of the Armenian Genocide by the Turkish government and its official and unofficial agents and supporters", The International Association of Genocide Scholars, Affirmation, Armenian Genocide, http://www.armenian-genocide.org/Affirmation.69/current_category.5/affirmation_detail.html .
  2. United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, Armenian Genocide, July 2, 1985, http://www.armenian-genocide.org/Affirmation.169/current_category.6/affirmation_detail.html .
  3. Totten, Samuel, Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs (eds.) Dictionary of Genocide. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008, p. 19. ISBN 0-313-34642-9.
  4. Noël, Lise. Intolerance: A General Survey. Arnold Bennett, 1994, ISBN 0-7735-1187-3, p. 101.
  5. Schaefer, T (ed.). Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, 2008, p. 90.
  6. Henham, Ralph J; Behrens, Paul, The criminal law of genocide: international, comparative and contextual aspects, p. 17, 2007 .
  7. Marashlian, Levon, Politics and Demography: Armenians, Turks, and Kurds in the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Zoryan Institute, 1991 .
  8. Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Resolution, April 24, 1998.
  9. Ferguson, Niall, The War of the World: Twentieth-Century Conflict and the Descent of the West, New York: Penguin Press, ISBN 1-59420-100-5, 2006 .
  10. (PDF) A Letter from The International Association of Genocide Scholars, Genocide Watch, 2005-06-13, http://www.genocidewatch.org/images/Turkey-_13Jun05ErdoganletterAmericanHistoricalAssociation.pdf .
  11. "Senate Resolution 106 — Calling on the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to Human Rights, Ethnic Cleansing, and Genocide Documented in the United States Record relating to the Armenian Genocide", Library of Congress, http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/R?r110:FLD001:S03144. 
  12. Rummel, RJ "The Holocaust in Comparative and Historical Perspective". The Journal of Social Issues. Volume 3, no. 2. April 1, 1998. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
  13. Wiktionary definition of genocide
  14. Coined by Raphael Lemkin, 1943; Hyde, Jennifer (2008-12-02). "Polish Jew gave his life defining, fighting genocide". CNN. 
  15. Interview with R. Lemkin in the UN implying that the term "Genocide" was invented to describe the killing of a race or group, including Armenians, "because it happened so many times".
  16. Frequently Asked Questions about the Armenian Genocide - Armenian National Institute, accessed June 10, 2012
  17. Mark Tran - The spectre that haunts Turkey - The Guardian, October 11, 2007