Honor Related Violence (Jordan)

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Statistics on Honor Related Violence and Killings[edit]

Women, who constitute 49 percent of the 4.6 million population, have little say. Official statistics show that 25 women--the majority of them teen-agers--are killed each year in so-called "honor crimes," which constitute 25 percent of the annual homicides in Jordan. Most are buried in unmarked graves, disgraced even in death.
Jordan Honour Killings of Women
Jamal J. Halaby, WE News, November 14, 2000
In Jordan, an average of twenty-five to thirty women are killed each year in the name of honor.
International: Women victims of honor killing
Elham Hassan, Yemen Observer, Jan 28, 2006 - Vol. IX Issue 03

Jordanian Penal Code[edit]

Repeating the situation encountered three years earlier, in 2003 the Jordanian Parliament twice voted on Islamic grounds to reject an amended Penal Code law designed to stiffen penalties for honor killings. Al-Jazeera reported that "Islamists and conservatives said the laws violated religious traditions and would destroy families and values."
Article 340 of the Jordanian Penal Code affirms that "he who discovers his wife or one of his female relatives committing adultery with another, and he kills, wounds or injures one or both of them, is exempt from any penalty... he who discovers his wife, or one of his female ascendants or descendants or sisters with another in an unlawful bed and he kills, wounds or injures one or both of them, benefits from a reduction of penalty." In addition to this, Article 98 of the Penal Code allows a reduced sentence if a perpetrator kills in a "fit of fury".
Mutilation And Killing For Muslim "Honor": Religious Or Tribal Custom?
Adrian Morgan, The Family Security Foundation, Inc., June 26, 2007

Hala, shot six times in the chest, head and stomach, 2007[edit]

A Jordanian was sentenced on Sunday to 10 years in prison for killing his daughter in 2007 over a love affair with a man she later married, a court official told AFP. An initial sentence of 15 years passed on the 60-year-old father, who was not identified, was immediately cut by a third after the court found “mitigating circumstances,” the official said.

The 25-year-old daughter, named by the official only as Hala and identified as a factory worker in Amman, was pregnant when her boyfriend asked her father for her hand in marriage, he said. ”The father agreed after the man gave him a cheque for $28,000. Following the marriage, the father kept pushing his daughter to abort the foetus, but she and her husband refused,” the official said.

The father “became enraged, especially after her husband said he wanted to hold a wedding party,” he added. “He went to their home when she was alone and shot her six times in the chest, head and stomach.” Murder is punishable by death in Jordan but in so-called “honour killings” courts can commute or reduce sentences, particularly if the victim’s family or relatives ask for leniency.

Between 15 and 20 women are murdered in honour killings each year in the kingdom, despite government efforts to curb such crimes. Also on Sunday, a 20-year-old man was sentenced to 10 years in jail for stabbing to death his divorced 22-year-old sister because “she frequently left her family’s house without permission,” the same official said.

And a 75-year-old man was sentenced to seven and a half years for shooting dead his married sister in 2009 “over an argument after he told her not to leave the house.”
Reduced jail term for Jordan man who killed daughter
Agence France-Presse, January 24, 2011

17-year-old girl, shot to death, 2008[edit]

A Jordanian court sentenced a 61-year-old man to 10 years in prison on Wednesday after convicting him of killing his teenage daughter last year to "defend his honour," a judicial official said.

"In 2008, the 17-year-old girl was kidnapped and raped by a group of men, who are currently on trial," the official told AFP.

"But the father suspected that his daughter was involved in a sexual relationship with one of the men. He shot her dead before handing himself in to police, claiming he wanted to defend his honour."

The court initially jailed the father for 15 years, "but decided to reduce the sentence after the man's family urged leniency," he said, adding the murder took place in Ein Basha, outside Amman.

In a separate case, a court commuted the death sentence of a man to 10 years in jail for strangling his married sister to death in 2007 "because he suspected the girl was involved in prostitution," in the Red Sea port of Aqaba, an official said.
Jordan jails man for 10 years over 'honour killing'
Agence France-Presse, December 30, 2009

16-year-old girl, shot to death, August 2009[edit]

A 41-YEAR-OLD Jordanian man was charged with premeditated murder after his raped teenage niece was shot dead on Tuesday to "cleanse" the family's honour, police said.

"The man was arrested and charged after he shot the 16-year-old girl eight times in different parts of her body," in the Nasser area east of Amman, a police source said.

"The suspect, who was arrested while carrying his gun, confessed to the crime, saying that he wanted to cleanse his family's honour after his niece was raped last year. She gave birth to a baby boy two months ago and her family kept the child."

Murder is punishable by the death penalty in Jordan, but in the case of so-called "honour killings", a court usually commutes or reduces sentences, particularly if the victim's family urges leniency.

Alia Ahmed, stabbed 28 times, October 2009[edit]

When Abu Ismaeel recalled how his older sister, Alia Ahmed, was stabbed 28 times by another brother in a so-called "honour killing" after she had allegedly run away from her husband, he said that at first he thought she deserved it. Ahmed had left her and her husband's house at 1.30am one morning in mid-August, taking their 16-month-old boy with her. Ahmed's husband, Masoud, reported her missing to police and called her brothers to tell them she had run away.

When police found Ahmed, 37, a mother of eight, and handed her over to four of her brothers, they took her to her father-in-law's house in the crowded Palestinian refugee camp of Baqa'a. "Cousins and relatives were shouting 'You are not men, you are not men'," Abu Ismaeel said, in the presence of his brothers' lawyer, referring to the jeers of those who had expected them to kill her to restore the family's "honour". "Her husband then took the child from her and divorced her."

Abu Ismaeel said one of his brothers asked Ahmed to come into the house to talk with him alone. Moments later he ran out crying "I killed her, I killed her". "He was out of control," Abu Ismaeel said. "My other brother who really liked her entered the house and hugged her, and he got soaked in blood, so the police thought he took part in the stabbing." Police later discovered that Ahmed's husband had been beating her with a belt, and had in fact kicked her out of the house, only to later report her missing.
Jordan aims to deter 'honour crime'
Suha Maayeh, The National, October 12, 2009

26-year-old women, stabbed 15 times, June 2010[edit]

A Jordanian man was condemned to death on Monday for killing his sister after learning that she had become pregnant outside wedlock, but the sentence was later commuted to 10 years in jail.

"The court commuted the sentence against the 24-year-old man after his family urged leniency," a court official speaking on condition of anonymity told AFP.

"He stabbed his 26-year-old sister 15 times last year after the woman told him she had sex with a man, who had travelled to Saudi Arabia to work."

The killing took place in the southern city of Karak, the official said, adding that the woman was four weeks pregnant at the time.

Murder is punishable by death in Jordan but in so-called "honour killings" courts can commute or reduce sentences, particularly if the victim's family asks for leniency.

Between 15 and 20 women are murdered in honour killings each year in the kingdom, despite government efforts to curb such crimes.
Jordanian jailed for killing unwed pregnant sister
Agence France-Presse, June 14, 2010

16-year-old girl, shot to death using 30 machine-gun rounds, July 2010[edit]

A Jordanian man confessed to killing his 16-year-old niece to save his family’s “honour” after she was sexually assaulted, a judicial official said today.

The 43-year-old fired 30 machine-gun rounds in the direction of the girl yesterday, killing her instantly, at Deir Alla, west of the capital Amman, said the official who requested anonymity.

The man confessed to the murder, saying he did it to “cleanse the family honour” over suspicions of “bad behaviour” after the girl “lost her virginity a month ago in a sexual assault by a young man aged 17,” said the same source.

The girl’s family later married her off to a cousin “to conceal the facts,” the official added, stressing that the suspect in the sexual assault was being tried.

Prosecutors have charged the uncle with “premeditated murder.” Murder is punishable by death in Jordan but in so-called “honour killings” courts can commute or reduce sentences, particularly if the victim’s family asks for leniency.

26-year-old women, shot in the legs, August 19, 2010[edit]

The authorities are questioning a 32-year-old man, who attempted to murder his younger sister in an Amman neighbourhood on Thursday night, official sources said on Saturday.

The suspect, who was not identified by officials, reportedly opened fire at his 26-year-old sister on the street, injuring her in the legs, Police Spokesperson Lt. Colonel Mohammad Khatib said.

The victim was rushed to a nearby hospital for treatment and was listed in fair condition, he told The Jordan Times yesterday.

Meanwhile, the suspect headed to the nearest police station and turned himself in, claiming family honour as the motive behind his actions, a second source told The Jordan Times.

The victim was involved with a man a few months before the incident and the relationship was discovered, according to the source.

“The two were married by the governor after the woman spent some time in protective custody,” source said, adding that on Thursday, the suspect had an argument with his sibling over the incident which became heated and he shot her as a result.

The police official said the suspect is being questioned by the criminal court prosecutor, who is expected to charge him with attempted premeditated murder and possessing an unlicensed gun.

The criminal prosecutor issued orders for the suspect to be detained at a correctional facility for 14 days pending further investigation into the case, according to the source.
Police question 32-year-old in connection with shooting incident
Rana Husseini, The Jordan Times, July 4, 2010

35-year-old women, shot to death, July 2011[edit]

A JORDANIAN man has been charged with killing his 35-year-old sister when she was released from detention over allegedly having sex outside marriage, a judicial official said today.

"The suspect, in his 40s, was charged on Sunday with premeditated murder after fatally shooting his sister five times in Zarqa," northeast of Amman, the official told AFP.

"She had been in administrative detention since February over a fornication case. Apparently she had (sexual) relations with a man who took advantage of her and pretended he wanted to marry her."

Murder is punishable by death in Jordan but in so-called "honour killings" courts can commute or reduce sentences, particularly if the victim's family asks for leniency.

Between 15 and 20 women are murdered in such killings each year in the Arab kingdom, despite government efforts to curb such crimes.

Separately, the official said a 35-year-old man was charged with premeditated murder for slitting the throat of his wife's alleged lover, 26, before cutting off his penis in central Amman on Saturday.

"He handed himself in to police on the same day of the murder and confessed, giving them a bag that had the other man's penis. He was charged with premeditated murder," said the official.

Female (20s) and unborn child (4-months), throat slit, belly cut open and burned, April 2013[edit]

Jordanian police said on Sunday they found the burned body of a pregnant woman whose throat had been slit and belly cut open showing her four-month-old fetus, in an apparent "honor killing."

"We found the body of the woman at dawn in Ruseifeh (east of Amman). Her throat was slit in a hideous way. The body was burned after the murder," a police spokesman said.

"We believe it was an honor crime. The belly of the woman, who was in her twenties, was cut open and we could see her four-month-old unborn child, who was dead too. Investigations are still under way."

Between 15 and 20 women die in so-called "honor" murders each year in the Arab kingdom, despite government efforts to curb such crimes.

Murder is punishable by death in Jordan, but in "honor killings" courts can commute or reduce sentences, particularly if the victim's family asks for leniency.